Hopson in Coahoma County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
Cotton Pickin’ Blues
One of the major factors behind the “great migration” of African Americans from the South to northern cities was the mechanization of agriculture, which diminished the need for manual laborers. In 1944 the Hopson Planting Company produced the first crop of cotton to be entirely planted, harvested, and baled by machine. Blues pianist Joe Willie “Pinetop” Perkins was a tractor driver here at the time. He later played in the band of Muddy Waters and enjoyed a successful solo career.
Cotton and the blues are intimately connected, and one popular explanation for the predominance of blues in the Delta is the great concentration of African Americans whose labor was required for the cultivation of cotton here. Fieldhands who could play guitar or piano provided entertainment for other workers, and sometimes pursued music as a profession to get out of the backbreaking work in the fields. Blues performers have recalled making more money playing on Saturday nights than laborers would earn in a whole week.
Here at Hopson in the 1940s pianist Joe Willie “Pinetop” Perkins managed to keep a foot in both worlds, working as a tractor driver and as a professional entertainer. While living in the Delta Perkins worked in local jukes with artists including
According to military records Perkins was inducted into the Army in June of 1943, but he recalled that the plantation owners were able remove him from a bus of draftees, as tractor drivers were deemed essential to the war effort. Other bluesmen who served as tractor drivers during World War II included B.B. King, Son House, and Muddy Waters. As a tractor driver, Perkins played an important role in mechanization of cotton production, as the Hopson Planting Company was at the forefront of this transformation. From the ’20s through ’40s engineers from the International Harvester Company tested and developed tractor-mounted cotton pickers at Hopson. In 1944 they succeeded in harvesting a crop using only machines, and the technology was soon implemented across the South, resulting in changes including the replacement of the sharecropping system with wage labor and the destruction of the abandoned homes of displaced workers.
Perkins left the Delta in the late ’40s, and worked for many years
Erected 2008 by the Mississippi Blues Commission.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Mississippi Blues Trail marker series.
Location. 34° 9.526′ N, 90° 32.793′ W. Marker is in Hopson, Mississippi, in Coahoma County. Marker is at the intersection of Commissary Circle and Hopson Road, on the left when traveling north on Commissary Circle. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Commissary Circle, Clarksdale MS 38614, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Hopson Plantation (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Clarksdale (approx. 2.7 miles away); Riverside Hotel (approx. 2.9 miles away); Dr. Aaron Henry (approx. 3.1 miles away); Aaron Henry (approx. 3.1 miles away); The New World (approx. 3.1 miles away); First Baptist M.B. Church (approx. 3.1 miles away); Big Jack Johnson (approx. 3.1 miles away).
Regarding Cotton Pickin' Blues. The cotton picker first used is now on exhibit at the Smithsonian.
Categories. • African Americans • Agriculture • Arts, Letters, Music • Entertainment •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 27, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 169 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 27, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.