Elmira in Chemung County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
A Civil Rights Victory
The CCC At Newtown
Newtown Battlefield Preservation has a special place in the history of African Americans' struggle for equality in the United States. When 180 young African-American men of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Company 1251 arrived to work on improving the park in August 1935, all of the company's officers were white. Officers for CCC camps were drawn from the United States, which actively opposed appointing African Americans as company commanders. But as President Roosevelt ran for reelection in 1936, the criticism of a few congressmen, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and others led to two groundbreaking exceptions. One was at Gettysburg in Pennsylvania; the other was here at Newtown Battlefield Reservation where Company 1251's white officers were quietly replaced with three African Americans in June 1937.
The Civilian Conservation Corps
In April 1933, newly elected President Franklin Delano Roosevelt faced a national economic crisis known as the Great Depression. Of the many programs he initiated to restore hope and confidence in the economy, perhaps the most celebrated was the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Young men and World War I veterans were organized into companies that did sorely needed conservation work. Each man received a dollar a day, three meals, a place
Location. 42° 2.78′ N, 76° 44.017′ W. Marker is in Elmira, New York, in Chemung County. Marker is on Newtown Reservation Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Elmira NY 14901, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Newtown Battlefield Reservation (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Battle of Newtown (about 300 feet away); Flagstaffs - Newtown Battlefield (about 400 feet away); Major General John Sullivan (about 600 feet away); Newtown Battlefield State Park (about 700 feet away); The Sullivan Campaign (about 700 feet away); Fire on the Frontier - 1778 (about 700 feet away); a different marker also named The Battle of Newtown (about 700 feet away); Divided Peoples (about 800 feet away); Newtown (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Elmira.
Also see . . . Civilian Conservation Corps. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families as part of the New Deal. (Submitted on November 6, 2015, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
Categories. • African Americans • Man-Made Features •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 6, 2015, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 162 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on November 6, 2015, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.