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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Spotsylvania in Spotsylvania County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Battle of Harris Farm

Final Battle Around Spotsylvania Court House

 

—Harris Farm Battlefield Civil War Site —

 
The Battle of Harris Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 6, 2008
1. The Battle of Harris Farm Marker
Inscription. From May 8-18, 1864, Union troops battered Gen. Robert E. Lee's lines at Spotsylvania Court House. Unable to defeat the Confederates by direct assault, Union commander Ulysses S. Grant determined to head south, drawing Lee out of his Spotsylvania defense. Suspecting Grant's move, Lee ordered Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell to located the Union army's right flank.

On May 19, 1864, Ewell sent his entire corps, reduced by recent fighting to just 6,000 men, on a reconnaissance-in-force toward the Fredericksburg Road (modern Route 208). Brig. Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur's North Carolina brigade led the march. About 4:00 p.m., Ramseur's men encountered elements of the 4th New York Heavy Artillery one mile west of here and slowly drove them back to this point.

Ewell's advance caught Grant off guard. Fearful that the Confederates might seize the Fredericksburg Road and turn his flank, Grant ordered nearby troops into action. The result was a short but fierce fight here at Harris Farm.
 
Erected by Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites, Inc.
 
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. It was located near 38° 14.051′ N, 77° 34.212′ W. Marker was near Spotsylvania, Virginia, in Spotsylvania
Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 6, 2008
2. Battle Map
County. Marker was at the intersection of Monument Drive and Knob Hill Court, on the right when traveling north on Monument Drive. Touch for map. The marker is located on a small tract operated by the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites, Inc. The site is reached from Courthouse Road (CR 208), turning west on Bloomsbury Road. At the intersection of Bloomsbury Road and Monument Drive, continue straight. Park along the road only, and use marked path to the monument area. Marker was in this post office area: Spotsylvania VA 22553, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this location, measured as the crow flies. Seeing the Elephant (here, next to this marker); Harris Farm (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Harris Farm (a few steps from this marker); First Regiment Heavy Artillery (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Harris Farm (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Engagement at Harris Farm (Bloomsbury) (approx. half a mile away); Landram Farm (approx. 1.3 miles away); Landram House (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Spotsylvania.
 
More about this marker. On the left is a wartime photo of Confederate earthworks around Spotsylvania. Next to the photo is a portrait of General Ramseur. On the right is a battle map, captioned
The 1st Massachusetts Monument and Interpretive Markers image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
3. The 1st Massachusetts Monument and Interpretive Markers
Using farm roads impassible for artillery, Ewell's Corps marches out from Confederate lines, looking to turn Grant's right flank. About 4:00 p.m. advance units under Brigadier General Stephen D. Ramseur run into part of the 4th New York Heavy Artillery. As Ewell's men advance, additional Federal units are ordered up to defend the flank and protect the Fredericksburg Road.

This marker was replaced by a new one named Harris Farm — Harris Farm Engagement (see nearby markers).
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. The Battle of Harris Farm
 
Also see . . .  Harris Farm. Details of the CWPT site and the battle. (Submitted on July 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Ramseur's Advance image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 6, 2008
4. Ramseur's Advance
Ramseur's Brigade encountered the 4th New York in what is now the wooded subdivision to the east of the marker location.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 3,803 times since then and 139 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 10, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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