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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hale Center in Hale County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Ranching and Farming in Hale County

 
 
Ranching and Farming in Hale County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 17, 2015
1. Ranching and Farming in Hale County Marker
Inscription. Pioneer ranchers began to settle Hale County in the early 1880s. Land was plentiful and cheap, but life was hard. Many settlers lived in dugouts. Supplies were freighted from Colorado City until the railroad reached Amarillo. Cattle roamed the free grazing land until round-up time, when they were separated according to brands. Ranchers earned extra income by selling buffalo bones for fertilizer, working on the railroad, or hiring out to larger ranches. Many worked at the Circle Ranch of Col. C. C. Slaughter, which covered land in four counties. Other significant ranches included the Callahan, Barton, and Norfleet ranches.

When the public land was gone and free grazing ended, the larger ranches were divided into smaller tracts. The transition from ranching to farming was difficult. By the early 20th century, wheat farming and dairy production began to replace ranching operations.

The Dust Bowl and Depression of the 1930s brought new hardships. Soon after World War II, however, a high percentage of the cultivated acreage in Hale County was under irrigation. This allowed for crop diversification with high yields of grain sorghum, corn, soybeans, wheat, vegetables, and livestock production. Cotton has become the leading cash crop.
 
Erected 1985 by Texas Historical Commission.
Ranching and Farming in Hale County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 17, 2015
2. Ranching and Farming in Hale County Marker
(Marker Number 4179.)
 
Location. 34° 2.909′ N, 101° 51.236′ W. Marker is in Hale Center, Texas, in Hale County. Touch for map. Marker is at the Hale County Farm & Ranch Historical Museum. Use exit 36 from Interstate 27 onto west access road. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1434 IH-27, Hale Center TX 79041, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Baptist Church of Hale Center (approx. 1.1 miles away); Nils Akeson (approx. 1.1 miles away); J. Frank Norfleet (approx. 1.2 miles away); Site of Epworth (approx. 1.2 miles away); Snyder Community (approx. 9.9 miles away); The Slaton Well (approx. 10.6 miles away but has been reported missing); Hale County (approx. 11.4 miles away); Plainview Cemetery and Memorial Park (approx. 12 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hale Center.
 
Categories. Agriculture
 
<i>back of</i> Ranching and Farming in Hale County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 17, 2015
3. back of Ranching and Farming in Hale County Marker
Hale County Farm & Ranch Historical Museum in background.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 7, 2015, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 151 times since then and 40 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 7, 2015, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.
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