“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Paducah in McCracken County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)

Tilghman House

Tilghman House Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Bruce, December 22, 2015
1. Tilghman House Marker
Inscription. This was the home of Confederate General Lloyd Tilghman. Tilghman was born in Claiborne, Maryland in 1815. His family had a long and distinguished history in Maryland. He graduated from West Point with the Class of 1836 and was a veteran of the Mexican War. Tilghman settled in Paducah in 1852, working as a civil engineer and supervising construction of the New Orleans and Ohio Railroad. At the beginning of the Civil War he was western commander of the Kentucky State Guard, formed to protect Kentucky's neutrality. However, when those attempts failed, he was commissioned a Brigadier General in the Confederate Army. Tilghman organized the Third Kentucky Infantry and the majority of the men in the western division of the Kentucky State Guard followed him in joining the Confederacy.

In December 1861, Tilghman was named commander of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River. He quickly recognized the poor position of the fort and ordered the construction of Fort Heiman begun on high ground across the river.

Late in day on February 4, 1862 then Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant with two divisions supported by seven gunboats lead [sic] by Flag Office Andrew H. Foote arrived downstream from Fort Henry. Tilghman assessed the situation and consulted with his officers. On February 6, 1862, realizing that the fall of Fort Henry was
Tilghman House Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Bruce, December 22, 2015
2. Tilghman House Marker
unavoidable, Tilghman sent most of the garrison to Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River to reinforce that position. Tilghman returned to Fort Henry and with a small force for several hours, allowing the main body of the Fort Henry garrison to reach Fort Donelson. He then surrendered the fort to the Union gunboats under Foote.

Tilghman was sent to Fort Warren, Massachusetts as a Prisoner of War. However, he was released as part of a prisoner exchange only a few months later and immediately returned to service as commander of the 1st Brigade of Major General William Loring's Army of the West which included the Third Kentucky. He fought at Corinth and Holly Springs in Mississippi. On May 16, 1863 while commanding his troops in the Battle of Champion Hill he was struck by a shell fragment and fatally wounded.

The Tilghman House was saved from demolition by community volunteers and restored to serve as a Civil War Museum focused on the role of the western rivers and western Kentucky in the Civil War. In 1998 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Erected by The Forest C. Pogue Public History Institute. (Marker Number Site 24.)
Location. 37° 5.058′ N, 88° 36.067′ W. Marker is in Paducah, Kentucky, in McCracken
Tilghman House Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Bruce, December 22, 2015
3. Tilghman House Marker
County. Marker is at the intersection of Kentucky Avenue and South 7th Street, on the left when traveling east on Kentucky Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 631 Kentucky Ave, Paducah KY 42001, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Tilghman Home (here, next to this marker); "Duke of Paducah" (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Broadway Methodist (about 500 feet away); Visitors Coming to Paducah (about 500 feet away); Spanish American War Monument (about 600 feet away); "Old Judge Priest" (about 600 feet away); 8th U.S. Heavy Artillery (Colored) (about 600 feet away); Grace Episcopal (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Paducah.
Also see . . .  Tilghman Heritage Museum. (Submitted on December 30, 2015.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 26, 2015, by William Bruce of Madison, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 212 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 26, 2015, by William Bruce of Madison, Wisconsin. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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