Near New Effington in Roberts County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Glacial Lakes Rest Area
The eight pillars which thrust skyward here merge in the framework of a tipi, the Plains Indian home. The one-by-one-and-one-half foot concrete lodge poles rise fifty-six feet in the air and weigh six-and-one-half tons each. The structures were executed in an architectural manner reflecting the spartan life lifestyle of the nomadic Lakota (Sioux) Nation.
The Coteau des Prairie country to the south of this rest area was one of the parts of South Dakota first settled by the Lakota tribes. The Coteau country was formed by the last great glacier which reached across South Dakota as far as the Missouri River. As it melted, thousands of ground-out potholes became glacial lakes. To the southeast, Lake Traverse and Big Stone represent remnants of a mighty river which drained archaic Lake Agassiz in Canada.
Between Lake Traverse and Big Stone Lake is the continental divide separating waters flowing to Hudson's Bay and those flowing to the Gulf of Mexico.
Fur traders and voyageurs found this lake country to be prime trapping and trading territory; they may have arrived in the area as early as 1679. At that time the Santee Sioux, consisting of the Wahpeton,
The U.S. Army established one of its earliest military posts in South Dakota in 1804, at Fort Sisseton, 36 miles (57 Kilometers) southwest of here. That post was abandoned by the army in 1889, and is now a South Dakota state park. Actual white settlement did not begin until the reservation area of the Sisseton-Wahpeton was opened in 1892.
Location. 45° 54.48′ N, 96° 51.853′ W. Marker is near New Effington, South Dakota, in Roberts County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 29 at milepost 2, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located at the first rest area of I-29 going south. Marker is in this post office area: New Effington SD 57255, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Continental Divide (approx. 9.9 miles away); Scandia (approx. 11.6 miles away).
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 23, 2016, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 153 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 23, 2016, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.