Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Contact: An Industrial Society Confronts A Native American Culture
In 1608, shortly after Jamestown had been established, Captain John Smith and a small crew worked a vessel up the Rappahannock River. In this vicinity, the English explorers encountered a Native American people called Mannahoak. Their contact proved hostile and after a short skirmish, the Englishmen withdrew. There would be no further interaction between the Europeans and the Mannahoak because a powerful Native American confederation under Chief Powhatan stood between them.
Not until 1670, after Powhatan’s confederation had been militarily defeated, did explorers once again travel up the Rappahannock River. By then, the Mannahoaks were no longer here. They had either succumbed to disease or been dispersed by more powerful tribes from the north. The Mannahoaks were the last Native American culture in the Rappahannock valley. The arriving Europeans, drawn to the mineral rich Piedmont, represented the beginning of an industrial presence.
When Captain John Smith developed a map of the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed, he mapped the upper Rappahannock River valley from information gleaned from interrogating a Mannahoak he had captured at the falls. Archeologists
Native Americans were drawn to the falls of the Rappahannock River where fish and game were abundant. The later Europeans would use the river's flow to power mills.
Spearhead used for fishing, fashioned from flint.
Polished grooved ax.
Location. 38° 19.183′ N, 77° 28.513′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is on Riverside Drive 0.1 miles west of Woodford Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Harnessing The River's Power (here, next to this marker); Historic Old Mill District (a few steps from this marker but has been reported missing); Amoroleck Encounters John Smith (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Veterans of Foreign Wars Eternal Flame (approx. ¼ mile away); Gari Melchers Home and Studio (approx. 0.3 miles away); Bound for Freedom A History of Floods (approx. 0.3 miles away); Caretaker Cottage (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
Categories. • Exploration • Native Americans •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 4, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 4, 2016, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 178 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 4, 2016, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 3, 4. submitted on March 4, 2017, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.