“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Newcastle in Weston County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)

Texas Trail - 1866 - 1897

Texas Trail - 1866 - 1897 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 7, 2016
1. Texas Trail - 1866 - 1897 Marker
Inscription. Following the Civil War, construction of the transcontinental Railroad opened the West, ensuring elimination of vast buffalo herds and forcing Native American Indians onto reservations where the military provided food.
Leggy Texas Longhorns were moved as far north as Canada to take advantage of open range grazing and lucrative government contracts. These routes became known collectively as the Texas Trail. One entered Wyoming near Cheyenne, headed north past Fort Laramie, Newcastle, Upton, into Moorcroft and then west to Powder River where it unraveled like a poor piece of rope. Cowhand Bob Fudge recalled a drive in northeast Wyoming. "We had been told that from the Cheyenne River to Powder River there was likely no water, which we surely found out.... The weather was hot and at the end of the second day the cattle commenced to grind their teeth in their suffering...their groans were enough to raise the hair on a wooden Indian."
Drovers learned the best size herd to move a long distance was 2,500 head. The herd stretched out for a mile or more with cowboys placed along the edges depending on their skill. Experienced cowboys rode point to direct the herd. Others rode drag at the back, eating the dust of those ahead. The rest were spaced in-between at flank and swing. Herds moved slowly to avoid stampede. Cattle could be moved
Texas Trail - 1866 - 1897 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 7, 2016
2. Texas Trail - 1866 - 1897 Marker
10-15 miles a day, 300-500 miles a month and could gain weight if skillfully managed. Cowboys were paid at the end of the ride and usually returned home with the wagon and horses. Some stayed behind and started ranches of their own. One cowboy, John B. Kendrick, came to Wyoming with a Texas herd, married the cattleman's daughter, and eventually became Governor. Such is the stuff of legend.
Erected by Weston County Historical Society & Anna Miller Museum.
Location. 43° 42.618′ N, 104° 39.048′ W. Marker is near Newcastle, Wyoming, in Weston County. Marker is on State Highway 450 at milepost 23 near Darligton Road (County Route 48), on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2319 Wyoming Highway 450, Newcastle WY 82701, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Texas Trail - 1866 to 1897 (approx. 13.4 miles away).
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Credits. This page was last revised on October 3, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 27, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 262 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 27, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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