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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Guatemala City in Municipality of Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala
 

Mobile Military Police

 
 
Mobile Military Police Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 5, 2016
1. Mobile Military Police Marker
Inscription.
A la policia militar
ambulante
1958-1996
Por su aporte a la libertad y la paz
Guatemala, 2003

English translation:
To the Mobile Military Police (PMA)
1958-1996
For their support of liberty and peace
Guatemala, 2003

 
Erected 2003.
 
Location. 14° 37.692′ N, 90° 30.976′ W. Marker is in Guatemala City, Guatemala, in Municipality of Guatemala. Marker can be reached from 19a Calle just from 6a Avenida. Touch for map. The marker is on the grounds of the Guatemalan Military Museum. The entrance to the museum is on 19a Calle, just a few meters before the intersection with 6a Avenida heading towards the south. Marker is in this post office area: Guatemala City, Guatemala 01001, Guatemala.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Guatemalan Military Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Mario Méndez Montenegro (within shouting distance of this marker); The Quetzal as Guatemala´s Currency (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); 300th Anniversary of the Printing Press in Guatemala (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Assassination of Maria Chinchilla
Mobile Military Police Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 5, 2016
2. Mobile Military Police Marker
The marker and statue are located on the lower terrace of the Guatemalan Military Museum, surrounded by military hardware used by the Guatemalan military during the armed conflict from 1960-1996.
(approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Dolores Bedoya de Molina (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); José Martí in Guatemala (approx. 0.9 kilometers away); House of Miguel Garcia Granados (approx. one kilometer away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Guatemala City.
 
Regarding Mobile Military Police. Guatemala's Mobile Military Police (PMA, for its initials in Spanish) infamously played a role in consolidating and maintaining state control in rural Guatemala, providing surveillance, apprehending and interrogating suspected "subversives" and guerrillas, and working with the landed elite to discipline the rural workforce, undermine unions, and suppress worker rebellions at plantations and factories. By the 1970s the PMA had also become an integral part of Guatemala's military intelligence apparatus and was performing more specialized military functions. Between 1980 and 1983, through the presidencies of Romeo Lucas Garcia and Efrain Rios Montt, the PMA played a key role in the counterinsurgency operations in the predominantly indigenous highlands, where the EGP (Ejército Guerrillero de los Pobres, a major guerrilero group) maintained its strongholds.

During the Guatemalan
Nearby UH1H (Huey) Helicopter, used by Guatemalan military image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 5, 2016
3. Nearby UH1H (Huey) Helicopter, used by Guatemalan military
A nearby marker mentions that the helicopter, of 1962 fabrication, was used in operations against guerrillas and was hit by enemy fire. The helicopter was awarded the "Roble de Oro" and "Placa del Combatiente" medals (seen near the left pilot's door in this photo) because of these actions.
armed conflict, the PMA was particularly notorious for systematic and widespread human rights violations, including abduction, torture, extrajudicial killings and disappearances. A 1976 Latin American Newsletters article described the PMA as "a particularly vicious arm of the security forces." A 1981 Amnesty International report stated that the PMA was "named in many reports of abuses on and around large plantations in rural areas, and of seizure and 'disappearances' of trade union leaders at factories where the PMA provided security services." A report of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights detailed the systematic murder of over 100 rural inhabitants in the municipality of Olopa, Chiquimula by the Mobile Military Police (PMA) detachment of Monteros, Esquipulas between 1977 and 1979. The victims included several religious workers, 15 women and more than 40 children. Due to its involvement in human rights abuses, it was required by the UN Peace Accords of December, 1996 that the Mobile Military Police be deactivated and demobilized. This went into effect with the formal signing of the peace accords and the PMA was dismantled in 1997. Evidence of the PMA's involvement in human rights abuses continued to surface after the armed conflict. In 1999, human bones were discovered in a former PMA compound undergoing renovation in Guatemala City. Testing of the remains proved inconclusive. The Families of the Detained and Disappeared of Guatemala (known by the acronym FAMDEGUA) estimate that over 3,000 were killed or "disappeared" in custody at PMA headquarters during the conflict. Special Prosecutor Fernando Mendízabal said, "Torture, killing, and illegal burial of people took place at the PMA facilities." Adapted from Wikipedia
 
Categories. Wars, Non-US
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 20, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 9, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 138 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 9, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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