New Smyrna Beach in Volusia County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
The New Smyrna Odyssey
1768 - 1777
The story of New Smyrna's first immigrants is one of hardship, endurance and survival by a group of religious colonists of several nationalities who came to the New World seeking freedom and a better life. After Spain ceded Florida to the British in 1763, the British offered large land grants to encourage colonization.
Dr. Andrew Turnbull, Sir William Duncan and Sir Richard Temple formed a partnership agreement April 2, 1767, securing land grants of 20,000 acres each. This venture became the largest British attempt at colonization in the New World. It was named New Smyrna, after the city of Smyrna, Asia Minor, the birthplace of Dr. Turnbull's beautiful Grecian wife, Maria Gracia.
Dr. Turnbull recruited 1,403 colonist-Greek, Corsican, Italian and Minorcans-who pledged up to 10 year of labor for passage and grants in New Smyrna.
Having buried the 148 colonists they lost during the three-month voyage from Mahon, Minorca in March, 1768, the colonists arrived to find preparations for 500, instead of the 1,255 who survived. Everything was in short supply. Food was rationed as the colonists were barely
land. The mosquitoes were merciless. Death was a daily occurrence; 450 died the first year. After their arrival, the colonists sensed they had been deceived. A rebellion involving the Greek and Italian colonists erupted August 19, 1768. After the three-day uprising was subdued, a trial was held in St. Augustine by Gov. Grant for three of the leaders. Found guilty, two were hung by the third, who was pardoned, serving as executioner.
The colony, established for monetary benefit, not for philanthropic or religious purposes, proved to be a clash of colonial politics which involved people of different languages, religious beliefs and cultures. Under guidance of Fr. Camps and Rev. Frazier, who baptized, married and buried them, the colonists' religious faith allowed them to endure and survive.
In April 1777, ninety colonists, led by Francisco Pellicer, walked to St. Augustine and gave Governor Tonyn depositions of cruelty, ill-treatment and murder by the overseers. They were freed from their indentures, and within a month 600 more deserted en masse to St. Augustine.
Over time, they became merchants, fishermen and farmers. Although the New Smyrna Colony failed, the colonists
History compiled by:
T.C. Wilder, Chairman
Jo Anne Sikes
Erected 2000 by Order of AHEPA-Speedway Chapter 410.
Location. 29° 1.5′ N, 80° 55.176′ W. Marker is in New Smyrna Beach, Florida, in Volusia County. Marker is at the intersection of South Riverside Drive and Downing Street, on the left when traveling south on South Riverside Drive. Touch for map. Marker is located in Riverside Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 105 South Riverside Drive, New Smyrna Beach FL 32168, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Turnbull Canal (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); 1768 British Colony of New Smyrna (approx. 0.2 miles away); Anniversary of Shelling by Union Gunboats (approx. 0.2 miles away); Site of Sheldon's New Smyrna Hotel (approx. 0.2 miles away); To the Past... (approx. ¼ mile away); Dr. Andrew Turnbull (approx. ¼ mile away); Site of Old Stone Wharf (approx. 0.4 miles away); Old St. Rita Colored Mission Church (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Smyrna Beach.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Man-Made Features • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 7, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 5, 2017, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida. This page has been viewed 137 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 5, 2017, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.