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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Le Moyne in Mobile County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Ellicott's Stone

Erected April 9th, 1799

 
 
Ellicott's Stone Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 4, 2013
1. Ellicott's Stone Marker
Inscription.
Marks 1st Southern Boundary of the United States and the Mississippi Territory created in 1798
-----900 feet East-----

Stone marked 31° North Latitude separating the U.S. & Spanish Florida.

This line of demarcation ran from the Mississippi east, along the 31° parallel to the Chattahoochie River, thence down that river to the mouth of the Flint River, thence on a line to the headwaters of the St. Mary’s River, thence down that river to the Atlantic Ocean.

Major Andrew Ellicott, appointed by George Washington as U.S. Commissioner to survey the boundary as defined in the Treaty of San Lorenzo (1795), was engaged in this expedition from 1796-1800. Esteban Minor was appointed Commissioner on the Spanish side.

In 1803, the Ellicott Stone was selected as the Initial Point to begin the U.S. Public Land Surveys which control land boundaries in southern Alabama & Mississippi (St. Stephens Meridian).
 
Erected 1999 by Alabama Society of Professional Land Surveyors & Alabama Historical Association.
 
Location. Marker has been damaged. 30° 59.779′ N, 88° 1.509′ W. Marker is near Le Moyne, Alabama, in Mobile County. Marker is on U.S. 43 at milepost 19, 0.1 miles
Ellicott's Stone image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 4, 2013
2. Ellicott's Stone
south of Lofton Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Axis AL 36505, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this location, measured as the crow flies. Site of Old Mobile (approx. 2.7 miles away); Mt. Vernon Federal Highway (approx. 6.2 miles away); Fort Stoddert (approx. 6.2 miles away); Mt. Vernon Arsenal and Barracks/Searcy Hospital (approx. 6.4 miles away); Major Robert Farmar Plantation (approx. 9.4 miles away); Kennedy Mill, c.1811 (approx. 9.8 miles away); The Mound Line (approx. 10 miles away); Bartram’s Trail (approx. 10 miles away).
 
More about this marker. Park appears to have suffered some vandalism. 5/28/15
 
Also see . . .  Ellicott's Stone. (Submitted on December 5, 2013.)
 
Categories. Colonial EraExploration
 
Ellicott's Stone Area image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 4, 2013
3. Ellicott's Stone Area
Ellicott's Stone Historical Park image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 4, 2013
4. Ellicott's Stone Historical Park
National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 4, 2013
5. National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark
Ellicott's Stone Marker now broken. image. Click for full size.
By Diane White, May 28, 2015
6. Ellicott's Stone Marker now broken.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 26, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 5, 2013, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,282 times since then and 309 times this year. Last updated on June 4, 2017, by W. Scott Brannon of Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 5, 2013, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.   6. submitted on June 26, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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