“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Memphis in Shelby County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Fort Adams, Mississippi/Old River Control Structure/Homochitto Cutoff

Panel # 23

Fort Adams, Mississippi/Old River Control Structure/Homochitto Cutoff Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, May 18, 2010
1. Fort Adams, Mississippi/Old River Control Structure/Homochitto Cutoff Marker
A. Fort Adams, Mississippi
Mile 311.9 AHP

This high bluff was first named Davionís Rock, for a French priest who lived here with the Tunica Indians in the early 1700ís. It was later called Loftus Heights, for a British Major Loftus whose expedition was ambushed here by Native Americans. Before the Louisiana Purchase, the bluff lay just north of the boundary between U. S. And Spanish Territory and Fort Adams was built in 1798 as the main border citadel. The garrison was removed in 1819, but the settlement that had grown up around the fort endured. Today, the town of Fort Adams is a small farming community.

B. Old River Control Structure
Mile 323.6 AHP

When the Old River was dammed to prevent the Mississippi from diverting into the Atchafalaya River, a floodway was dredged here to safely channel the Mississippiís floodwaters into the Atchafalaya basin. A low till embankment built at the head of the floodway allowed only high water for the river to enter the channel. During the flood of 1973, the river severely damaged this construction raising the possibility that the Mississippi might use the floodway as a new route west to the Atchafalaya. Emergency repairs were made and later a new control structure was built, with steel gates and adjustable timbers to control the outflow from the Mississippi River. Further measures are underway to prevent permanent diversion of the Mississippi channel.

C. Homochitto Cutoff
Mile 323.6 AHP

Old River Lake, or Lake Mary, is a large oxbow lake east of the current channel. When this lake was part of the river, Homochitto River flowed into the Mississippi on its eastern bend. In 1776, Homochitto cutoff removed both bend and tributary from the river and the Homochitto River found a new mouth south of Natchez, MS.
Photo credit: Old River structure at Mississippi River Mile 315 by Michael Maples/USACE (Marker Number 23.)
Location. 35° 8.851′ N, 90° 3.328′ W. Marker is in Memphis, Tennessee, in Shelby County. Marker is on Riverside Drive. Touch for map. Mud Island Mississippi Riverwalk. Marker is at or near this postal address: 125 N Front St, Memphis TN 38103, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mud Island (a few steps from this marker); Mississippi River Park (within shouting distance of this marker); The Sultana Disaster (within shouting distance of this marker); Cobblestone Landing (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Park (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Naval Battle of Memphis, 1862 (about 400 feet away); Elizabeth Avery Meriwether (about 500 feet away); Memphis and Shelby County Medical Society (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Memphis.
Also see . . .
1. Fort Adams, Mississippi. Fort Adams is a small, river port community in Wilkinson County, Mississippi, United States,[1] about 40 miles south of Natchez. It is notable for having been the U.S. port of entry on the Mississippi River, before the acquisition of New Orleans; it was the site of an early fort by that name. The town was called Wilkinburg and was incorporated in 1798. Prior to that time, the community was known as Loftus Heights and formerly had been a Jesuit mission called the Rock of Davion, first settled as such circa 1689-1700. This is also the site where the Choctaw Treaty of Fort Adams was signed in 1801. (Submitted on March 14, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.) 

2. Homochitto River. In 1938 the United States Army Corps of Engineers began channelizing the river by building the Abernathy Channel, a cutoff running from the Homochitto River near Doloroso to the Mississippi River about 15 miles (24 km) upstream from where the Homochitto originally emptied into the Mississippi. This reduced the river's length below Doloroso from about 20 miles (32 km) of meandering distributaries to a 9 miles (14 km) relatively straight outlet. Additional cutoffs between Doloroso and Rosetta were constructed in 1940, reducing the river's channel by about 4 miles (6 km). (Submitted on March 14, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.) 
Categories. Native AmericansWaterways & Vessels

Credits. This page was last revised on March 17, 2018. This page originally submitted on March 14, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 85 times since then. Photo   1. submitted on March 14, 2018, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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