Lifeline of the Valley: The Cumberland Valley Railroad
Shippensburg Civil War Trail
The Cumberland Valley Railroad operated between Harrisburg and Virginia beginning in the 1830s, and during the Civil War it permitted the Union to move troops and supplies rapidly up and down the valley. The railroad's tracks ran down the center of Earl Street, also known as Railroad Street. Before Antietam, Secretary of War Edward M. Stanton ordered the railroad to transport a load of ammunition from Harrisburg to Hagerstown, "to be run through with the fastest possible speed...as General McClellan needs the ammunition to be used in the battle fought tomorrow." On September 16, 1862, that ammunition train rushed through Shippensburg, reaching its destination in record time. The railroad also provided the Union with important logistical support during the Confederate invasion of 1863. On June 19, Captain Boyd's 1st New York Cavalry detrained in Shippensburg and then continued south to delay the Confederate advance. The railroad sustained considerable damage during the Confederate invasion, including the destruction of its Scotland Bridge across the Conococheague Creek south of Shippensburg.
Did you know?
According to local legend, the crew of the Cumberland Valley Railroad was so determined to get their load of ammunition to the Union forces in time for the Battle of Antietam that they threw slabs of bacon into the
[Photo/illustration captions, left to right, read]
• Cumberland Valley Railroad's bridge across the Susquehanna in 1855
• C.V.R.R. on North Earl Street, c. 1900
Erected by Shippensburg- Historical Society, Borough Historical Architectural Review Board, Chamber of Commerce, University, et al.
Location. 40° 3.042′ N, 77° 31.247′ W. Marker is in Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, in Cumberland County. Marker is at the intersection of Earl Street and King Street (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling south on Earl Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 West King Street, Shippensburg PA 17257, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rebel Headquarters in Shippensburg, June 24-27, 1863 (a few steps from this marker); Occupation of Shippensburg (within shouting distance of this marker); White-Washed in the Nick of Time: The Union (Sherman House) Hotel (within shouting distance of this marker); General Samuel Sturgis: Hero of Antietam's Burnside Bridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Residence of George H. Stewart, Sr. (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mc Lean House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Shippensburg (approx. ¼ mile away); Galen J. Karper (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shippensburg.
Also see . . .
1. The Cumberland Valley Railroad: A Brief History. (Submitted on July 12, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Cumberland Valley Railroad at Wikipedia. (Submitted on July 12, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Shippensburg and the Civil War. (Submitted on July 12, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Man-Made Features • Patriots & Patriotism • Railroads & Streetcars • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on July 12, 2018. This page originally submitted on July 12, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 56 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 12, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.