Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix
"...His Majesty commanded the Sieur de Mons to prepare a fresh expedition..."
Samuel Champlain Journal, 1604 (translation)
The newcomers who landed on the island offshore came from France. Their leader was Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons, who—in return for control of the region's fur trade—pledged to found a permanent colony. Knowing other settlement attempts had failed, this expedition was well equipped with supplies and workers.
Some boys as young as 10 or 12 came here from France along with soldiers, priests, artisans, and gentlemen. What would make them leave their homes for an unknown land?
[Illustration caption reads]
Why did Pierre Dugua choose to settle on an island? The main reason was defense. Concerned for safety, the French immediately built a palisade and installed cannons.
Samuel Champlain, Journal, 1604
Quelques garçons, âgés d'à peine 10 ou 12 ans, ont quitté la France pour s'établir ici avec des soldats, des prêtres, des artisans et des gentilshommes. Qu'est-ce qui a bien pu les pousser à quitter leur pays pour une terre inconnue?
[La légende de l'illustration se lit]
Pourquoi Pierre Dugua a-t-il choisi d'établir la colonie dans une île? Surtout pour assurer sa défense. Craignant pour leur sécurité, les Français ont immédiatement construit une palissade et installé des canons.
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. 45° 7.444′ N, 67° 8.8′ W. Marker is near Calais, Maine, in Washington County. Marker is on the grounds of Saint Croix Island International Historic Site, along the interpretive trail. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 84 Saint Croix Drive, Calais ME 04619, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Strangers Offshore / Étrangers du grand large (a few steps from this marker); Building A Community / Tout à bâtir (a few steps from this marker); Welcome to Saint Croix Island International Historic Site / An Enduring Legacy (a few steps from this marker); Exploring the Coast / Exploration de la côte (within shouting distance of this marker); Saint Croix Island (within shouting distance of this marker); Trapped For The Winter / Prisonniers de l'hiver (within shouting distance of this marker); Lessons Learned / Leçons durement apprises (within shouting distance of this marker); Imagining the Settlement / La colonie telle qu'on l'imagine (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Calais.
Also see . . .
1. Saint Croix Island International Historic Site. (Submitted on October 19, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Saint Croix Island International Historic Site Audio Files for Interpretive Trail. (Submitted on October 20, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Exploration • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels •
More. Search the internet for Settling on Saint Croix Island / Colonisation de l'île Sainte-Croix.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 21, 2018. This page originally submitted on October 19, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 68 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 19, 2018, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.