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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Augustine in St. Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Fort Mose II

Fort Mose Historic State Park

 
 
Fort Mose II Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
1. Fort Mose II Marker
Inscription. Twelve years after the Bloody Mose battle, Mose residents returned to the frontier and constructed a second fort and community.

Mose's fort, houses, and surrounding fields were destroyed during the siege of St. Augustine. From 1740-1752, most Mose residents assimilated into urban life in St. Augustine. Some engaged in craftsmanship, artisanry and trade, while others worked as cattlemen and foragers. Others served as sailors and corsairs in raids against English settlements and ships.

The new Spanish Governor, Flugencio Garcia de Solís, was troubled by so many new Africans and Indians in the city. He ordered the reconstruction of Fort Mose in 1752. The reluctant free blacks rebuilt their settlement near the original fort, and once again became Spanish Florida's first line of defense.
 
Erected by Fort Mose Historic State Park.
 
Location. 29° 55.738′ N, 81° 19.51′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in St. Johns County. Marker is on Fort Mose Trail 0.2 miles east of North Ponce De Leon Boulevard (U.S. 1), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker located in Fort Mose Historic State Park, beside the sidewalk leading from the parking lot to the visitor center. Marker
Marker detail: Fort Mose illustration based on research by historians Albert Manucy & Luis Arana image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner
2. Marker detail: Fort Mose illustration based on research by historians Albert Manucy & Luis Arana
is at or near this postal address: 15 Fort Mose Trail, Saint Augustine FL 32084, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Bloody Mose (here, next to this marker); El Pueblo de Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose (a few steps from this marker); Evacuation (a few steps from this marker); Fort Mose I (a few steps from this marker); Escape & Flight (within shouting distance of this marker); British Enslavement (within shouting distance of this marker); Middle Passage (within shouting distance of this marker); African Origins (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Augustine.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Fort Mose Historic State Park
 
Also see . . .
1. The journey of Africans to St. Augustine: Fort Mose. Rebuilt in 1752, the new Fort housed mostly African-American soldiers and their families until abandoned for the last time when Florida became an English colony in 1763. Fort Mose’s inhabitants were mainly runaway black Gullah slaves from the British colonies of South Carolina and Georgia, who escaped to freedom to Spanish, Florida in small groups at least as early as 1687. (Submitted on December 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Fort Mose Site, Florida.
Marker detail: This map of St. Augustine shows Fort More as it looked in 1763 image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner
3. Marker detail: This map of St. Augustine shows Fort More as it looked in 1763
Above: Artifacts recovered from Fort Mose.
Top 2 rows: lead balls and flints used in flintlock guns. Bottom row: wine bottle fragments.
Despite their successes in the capital, in 1752 Governor Fulgencio García de Solís ordered the black St. Augustine citizens to rebuild Fort Mose at a new site north of the city. The second Fort Mose, which Captain Menéndez again led, lasted until Spain gave Florida to Britain in 1763. In 1759, 67 people lived at Fort Mose. Most households were married couples and children. (Submitted on December 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. Fort Mose Historic State Park. Florida Department of Environmental Protection (Submitted on December 3, 2018.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansColonial EraForts, CastlesNative Americans
 
Marker detail: Artist's concept of Isabel de los Rios image. Click for full size.
Courtesy of P.K. Yonge Library, Gainesville, Florida
4. Marker detail: Artist's concept of Isabel de los Rios
Isabel de los Rios was a free black woman who lived in 17th century St. Augustine and sold fresh baked "rosquetes, (spiral rolls).
Top: Replica of handmade St. Christopher medal found at Fort Mose enlarged 2 1/2 times to show detail.
Middle: Chain link rosary fragment pins, and buckle fragment. The intricately woven metal links found at More may have been from a rosary like this one, excavated from an eighteenth-century black cemetery in New Orleans. [Courtesy of Louisiana State University]
Fort Mose II Marker (<i>wide view</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, December 10, 2014
5. Fort Mose II Marker (wide view)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 1, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 56 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on December 1, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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