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New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Foley Square c. 1880

 
 
Foley Square c. 1880 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, January 9, 2019
1. Foley Square c. 1880 Marker
Inscription. (Segment 1)
(Medallion) The leveling of the hills Fresh water pond filled 1802-1812

As early as 1780, draining the Collect Ponds was suggested to rid the area of pestilence thought to originate in this swampy land. The adjacent tanneries and foundries, however, depended on this water for production and waste disposal. By the end of the 1700s the ponds were so polluted that the Common Council demanded they be filled. The nearby hills were razed to fill the pond, creating level terrain.

(Medallion) Cholera & small pox epidemics Public health & vaccinations

(Segment 2)
(Medallion) Five Points / New immigrants & exploitation

In the 1840s, European and Irish immigrants and free blacks lived in the notorious Five Points district, where five streets crossed. This was an area of extreme poverty, crime, and disease. Wealthier immigrants lived in the blocks west of Centre Street. Class and racial conflict led to the 1863 Draft Riots, when poor immigrants resisted the Civil War draft. Part of Five Points was cleared to create the Civic Center in the 1920s.

(Medallion) The Civil War 1861-1865 The Draft Riots 1863

(Segment 3)
(Medallion) The McCullough Shot Tower James Bogardus

The manufacture
Foley Square c. 1880 Marker, Central Medallion image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, January 9, 2019
2. Foley Square c. 1880 Marker, Central Medallion
of lead shot consisted of dropping molten lead through a sieve at the top of a tower into a tank of water at its base. As it fell, a sphere was formed. In 1855, James Bogardus built a 175-foot tall octagonal shot tower near this point. The foundation may remain buried here. The first of its kind with a free-standing, cast iron frame and brick curtain wall, this structure was the forerunner of todays skyscraper.

(Medallion) Cast Iron Building Cast Iron Building
 
Location. 40° 42.897′ N, 74° 0.153′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Centre Street and Worth Street, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. The marker is set into the pavement. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10007, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Thomas Paine Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Foley Square Before 1600 (within shouting distance of this marker); Abraham De Peyster Statue (within shouting distance of this marker); Foley Square c. 1800 (within shouting distance of this marker); Triumph of the Human Spirit (within shouting distance
Foley Square c. 1880 Marker, Segment 1 image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, January 9, 2019
3. Foley Square c. 1880 Marker, Segment 1
of this marker); New York County Court House (within shouting distance of this marker); African Burial Ground (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Sacred Tradition, Sacred Ground (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
 
More about this marker. The marker consists of a central medallion surrounded by three segments of text with two medallions each. The central medallion contains a map of Foley Square c. 1880. The perimeter contains names, addresses and trades of several area residents.
 
Categories. ArchitectureMan-Made FeaturesSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
 
Foley Square c. 1880 Marker, Segment 2 image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, January 9, 2019
4. Foley Square c. 1880 Marker, Segment 2
Foley Square c. 1880 Marker Marker, Segment 3 image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, January 9, 2019
5. Foley Square c. 1880 Marker Marker, Segment 3
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 17, 2019. This page originally submitted on January 15, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 28 times since then. Last updated on January 15, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on January 15, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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