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Chetumal in Municipality of Othón P. Blanco, Quintana Roo, Mexico — The Southeast (Yucatan Peninsula)
 

Chetumal

 
 
Chetumal Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 30, 2019
1. Chetumal Marker
Inscription.  

Chetumal
Los edificios más importante del estado de Quintana Roo se encuentran en su capital, la interesante ciudad de Chetumal. Es ahí en donde se resguarda el pasado prehispánico de la entidad, aquel que contempló al pueblo maya de los Itzáes ocupar el territorio entre los años 320 y 946 DC y aquel que llevaba el nombre de Chactemal a la llegada de los conquistadores.

El cacicazgo maya que se asentaba en área controlaba el gobierno y el comercio del sur del Estado y el norte de Belice. Fue su territorio apartado y la fuerza de su gente lo que evitó que las tropas españolas no lograron establecer poblaciones en el área. Sólo Bacalar fue tomado pero recuperó su esplendor en 1848, cuando estalló la Guerra de Castas.

Desde entonces, la región fue ocupada únicamente por el pueblo maya y en 1898 el gobierno de Porfirio Díaz combatió a los rebeldes para establecer los límites con Honduras en las aguas del Río Hondo. En el mismo año, fue Othón P. Blanco quien fundó oficialmente la nueva población y la llamó Payo Obispo.

Años más tarde, en 1937, el gobernador Rafael E. Melgar planificó el desarrollo de
Chetumal Marker English text image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 30, 2019
2. Chetumal Marker English text
la ciudad y, en memoria de su pasado maya, la nombró Chetumal.

Impulsada por Melgar y con el crecimiento de la explotación maderera, de caucho y de chicle, la ciudad logra un avance económico que se vería truncado por el paso de Huracán Janet en 1955.

La esencia caribeña de Chetumal aún respira por sus calles y está presente en algunas de sus construcciones, en su gastronomía, en sus bellas lagunas, en sus cenotes misteriosos y en el ánimo de su alegre población.

¡Bienvenidos a Chetumal!

English translation:
Chetumal
The most important buildings of the state of Quintana Roo are in its capital, the interesting City of Chetumal. It is here where lies the prehispanic past of the state which contemplated the Mayan people called Itzaes and that whose name was Chactemal, occupy the land during the year 320 and 946 AC until the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors.

The Mayan chiefdom that ruled the land controlled the government and the commerce of the south of the state and northern Belize. It was its secluded location and the strength of its people what prohibited that the Spanish troops could establish permanent settlements in the area. Only Bacalar was taken but it regained its splendor in 1848 when the Caste Wars started.

Since then the region was only occupied by Mayan people and in 1898 the government of
Chetumal Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 30, 2019
3. Chetumal Marker
Porfirio Díaz fought the rebels to establish the limits with Honduras at the banks of the Rio Hondo. That same year, it was Othón P. Blanco who officially established the new village and called it Payo Obispo.

Years later, in 1937, the governor Rafael E. Melgar planned the development of the City and in memory of his deep Mayan heritage called it Chetumal.

Driven by Melgar and the boom of the lumber, rubber and the chicle industries, the city achieved an incredible development that would only be stopped by the arrival of Hurricane Janet in 1955.

The Caribbean essence of Chetumal can still be felt in the city and in the part of some of the villages, its territorial cuisine, the beautiful forests around it, the mysterious cenotes, and the zest of its joyful population.
Welcome to Chetumal!
 
Location. 18° 29.593′ N, 88° 17.679′ W. Marker is in Chetumal, Quintana Roo, in Municipality of Othón P. Blanco. Marker is at the intersection of Boulevard Bahía and Avenida 16 de Septiembre, on the right when traveling east on Boulevard Bahía. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chetumal, Quintana Roo 77000, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chetumal - Where Mexico Begins (within shouting distance of this marker); The Force of Hurricane Janet (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Anglo-Caribbean Style Residence (about 180 meters away); Quintana Roo, from Territory to State (about 180 meters away); Avenida 5 de Mayo No. 23 (about 210 meters away); Avenida 5 de Mayo No. 29 (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Manuel Ávila Camacho Theater (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Musical Band (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chetumal.
 
Regarding Chetumal. The marker mentions the efforts by Mexico to establish its borders in the area in 1898, but it is probably in error by mentioning Honduras, a country with which Mexico does not have any borders. The marker probably refers to British Honduras, the previous name of Belize. The Río Hondo forms the border here between Mexico and Belize.

This marker is also repeated further west on Boulevard Bahía, near the Monumento al Renacimiento.
 
Categories. Native AmericansSettlements & SettlersWars, Non-US
 

More. Search the internet for Chetumal.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 19, 2019. This page originally submitted on May 19, 2019, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 67 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 19, 2019, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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