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St. Mary's City in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Encountering the Other

Settling

 
 
Encountering the Other Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, August 30, 2019
1. Encountering the Other Marker
Inscription.  American Indians have lived in the Chesapeake Bay area for at least 12,000 years and were the first inhabitants of what is now St. Mary's City.

When English colonists arrived in 1634, the local Yaocomaco Indians made an agreement with them. The Indians gave the settlers land and the right to inhabit a small hamlet in exchange for English cloth and metal tools. The two groups lived side by side for the next several months.

The Yaocomaco people taught the new residents how to prepare fields and to grow corn and other crops. These basic skills provided the means for the colony's survival. While their relationship was generally peaceful, the pressure from European settlers seeking to occupy land eventually forced American Indians to move away from this region.

"...their chiefe care must be to make choice of ap lace first that is probably to be healthfull and fruitful, net that it may be easily fortified, and thirdly that it may be convenient for trade both with the English and savages."
Lord Baltimore's Instructions to the Colonists, 1633


[Captions:]
Leonard
Encountering the Other Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, August 30, 2019
2. Encountering the Other Marker
Calvert agreed to give the Yaocomaco Indians "hatches, axes, hoes and some amount of cloth" in exchange for the land the colonists received.

This American Indian effigy pipe was found at an archaeological site at Historic St. Mary's City. It was probably deposited thee around 1656. The pipe was designed so that the human effigy faced the smoker.

[Timeline:]
1600
Yaocomaco Indians Living in St. Mary's River Valley for Hundreds of Years

1633
Yaocomaco Indians Begin Relocation to Escape Susquehannock Indian Attacks

1634
Colonists Arrive in Maryland and Reach Agreement with Yaocomaco to Occupy Abandoned Village

1635
Yaocomaco Indians No Longer Inhabit St. Mary's River Valley

[Aside:]
There are no known drawings by native people of the Chesapeake area that survive from the 17th century. This image of an Indian village is one of a handful of drawings done from a European perspective depicting Indian lifeways along the mid-Atlantic coast during the 16th and 17th centuries.

The Yaocomaco witchotts (houses) may have been furnished much like this one when occupied by the English. The English probably used the structures in the same manner as the Indians, as a dry place to sleep and store goods, with most work and activities taking
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place outside.
 
Erected by Historic St. Mary's City.
 
Location. 38° 10.918′ N, 76° 25.812′ W. Marker is in St. Mary's City, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from Hogaboom Lane 0.7 miles west of Rosecroft Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 18751 Hogaboom Lane, Saint Marys City MD 20686, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. An Opportunity Awaits... (a few steps from this marker); Where is the City? (within shouting distance of this marker); "a lande, even as God made it" (within shouting distance of this marker); The Calvert Family and the Founding of Maryland (within shouting distance of this marker); Historic St. Mary's City (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Welcome to the Chapel Field (about 400 feet away); Agricultural Change and Environmental Damage (about 500 feet away); Dating Changes in a Building (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Mary's City.
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansNotable PlacesSettlements & Settlers
 

More. Search the internet for Encountering the Other.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 52 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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