Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
John Rutherford's Farm
Interrupted by War
By 1857, Rutherford was prosperous enough to construct a two-story brick house for his family. It stood just to your right, near the turnpike. Besides his wife and their children—Susan E., William, B., John C., and Albert G. Rutherford, who ranged in age from ten to two in 1860—Mary Spence, a domestic worker, and James Lownsan, a free black laborer, also lived here.
John Rutherford owned 9 horses, 10 head of cattle, 17 sheep, and 22 hogs just before the war began. He also raised wheat, oats, corn, Irish potatoes, and hay on his diversified farm. After the war, in 1870, he owned 5 horses, 13 head of cattle, no sheep, and only 2 hogs. His wheat production
Archaeological studies here have uncovered remains of the Rutherford house site, the Battle of Rutherford’s Farm, and the Third Battle of Winchester.
“It was a sad sight to see our poor men lying on the ground, with only a little straw under them, although I suppose there was never a battle field where there were so many alleviations, in the way of kindness & attention from women.”
– Mary Greenhow Lee, diary, July 23, 1864
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 13.24′ N, 78° 7.854′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is on Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Rutherford's Farm (here, next to this marker); Battle of Rutherford's Farm Hackwood Park (within shouting distance of this marker); The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road (approx. 0.2 miles away); Third Battle of Winchester (approx. ¾ mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. ¾ mile away); The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 1.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. In the upper middle of the marker is a photo captioned, John Rutherford's brick farmhouse, ca. March, 1961, looking south, with Messick children (left to right) Roy R. Jr., Marvin L., Roger D., Steven R. (bottom), and Sidney W. (top). On the lower right of the marker is a map captioned, Winchester area, 1864.
Also see . . . Mary Greenhow Lee. American National Biography Online (Submitted on December 1, 2008.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 1, 2008. This page has been viewed 1,643 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 1, 2008. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.