“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Winchester

Clickable Map of Frederick County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Frederick County, VA (130) Clarke County, VA (72) Shenandoah County, VA (186) Warren County, VA (38) Winchester Ind. City, VA (123) Berkeley County, WV (100) Hampshire County, WV (71) Hardy County, WV (37) Jefferson County, WV (338) Morgan County, WV (83)  FrederickCounty(130) Frederick County (130)  ClarkeCounty(72) Clarke County (72)  ShenandoahCounty(186) Shenandoah County (186)  WarrenCounty(38) Warren County (38)  (123) Winchester (123)  BerkeleyCountyWest Virginia(100) Berkeley County (100)  HampshireCounty(71) Hampshire County (71)  HardyCounty(37) Hardy County (37)  JeffersonCounty(338) Jefferson County (338)  MorganCounty(83) Morgan County (83)
Winchester, Virginia and Vicinity
    Frederick County (130)
    Clarke County (72)
    Shenandoah County (186)
    Warren County (38)
    Winchester (123)
    Berkeley County, West Virginia (100)
    Hampshire County, West Virginia (71)
    Hardy County, West Virginia (37)
    Jefferson County, West Virginia (338)
    Morgan County, West Virginia (83)
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Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — "Like A Thousand Bricks"The Union Cavalry Charge — The Third Battle of Winchester (September 19, 1864) —
Time: Late Afternoon Standing on this spot on the afternoon of September 19, 1864, you would have witnessed — about a mile to your front — one of the most spectacular scenes of the Civil War... and one of the largest cavalry charges . . . — Map (db m155040) HM
2Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — 1790 Stone Church
These native limestone steps are in their original position and mark the main entrance to a 40' x 60' stone church built on this site in 1790. The entrance was in the center of its east wall with the pulpit area against the west wall. This church . . . — Map (db m2634) HM
3Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A Murderous FireConfederate Horse Artillery on Huntsberry Farm — The Third Battle of Winchester (September 19, 1864) —
Time: Late Morning (sidebar) Six Confederate cannon were positioned here during the battle, erupting with flame and smoke as they sent a rain of deadly shells across Red Bud Run. The noise would have been deafening. This was one of . . . — Map (db m155521) HM
4Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-2 — Action of Rutherford’s Farm
Near here, the Confederate General Stephen D. Ramseur was attacked by General William W. Averell and pushed back toward Winchester, July 20, 1864. — Map (db m12091) HM
5Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — AlabamaBattle's Brigade — Third Battle of Winchester —
(front) During the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19, 1864, it was near this spot that Brig. Gen. Battle's Alabama Brigade reached their farthest advance. Erected by the family of CDR. Craig A. Morin USNR (Ret.) 2019 . . . — Map (db m155706) WM
6Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-9 — Battle of Kernstown
On the hill to the west, Stonewall Jackson late in the afternoon of March 23, 1862 attacked the Union force under Shields holding Winchester. After a fierce action, Jackson, who was greatly outnumbered, withdrew southward, leaving his dead on the . . . — Map (db m3150) HM
7Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Battle of KernstownMarch 23, 1862
General James Shields with 7,000 Federals defeated Stonewall Jackson with 3,500 Confederates. Jackson's object was to create a diversion which would prevent troops being sent to McClellan for the attack on Richmond. He arrived south of Kernstown in . . . — Map (db m33024) HM
8Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Battle of Rutherford's FarmUnion Victory
Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early attacked the defenses of Washington, D.C., in July 1864, then retreated to the Shenandoah Valley. Union Gen. Horatio G. Wright pursued him, and after a sharp fight and Confederate victory at Cool Spring on July 18, . . . — Map (db m13988) HM
9Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Captain Robert Young Conrad
In Memory of Robert Young Conrad Captain Co. I, 116th Inf. 29th Division Son of Major Holmes and Georgia Byran Conrad who was mortally wounded while leading a charge on a machine gun nest at Ormont Farm in the Meuse . . . — Map (db m136364) WM
10Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-3 — Capture of Star Fort
The fort on the hilltop to the southwest, known as Star Fort, was taken by Colonel Schoonmaker of Sheridan’s Army in the Battle of September 19, 1864. — Map (db m2275) HM
11Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Civil War Earthworks"Where they are compelled by nature ... to resort to it"
During the Civil War, armies of both sides built earthwork fortifications of varying sizes and shapes. The star fort was one of the most difficult types to construct. Although the design afforded the defenders the potential to fire into an attacking . . . — Map (db m100976) HM
12Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Z-122 — Clark County / Frederick County
Clark County. Area 171 Square Miles. — Formed in 1836 from Frederick and added to from Warren. Named for George Rogers Clark, conqueror of the Northwest. Lord Fairfax and General Daniel Morgan, Revolutionary Hero, lived in this . . . — Map (db m156734) HM
13Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — B-16 — Colonel John Singleton Mosby
This road, along which many of his skirmishes took place, is named for Colonel John Singleton Mosby, commander of the 43rd Battalion of the Confederate Partisan Rangers. Their activities in this area helped keep the Confederate cause alive in . . . — Map (db m2668) HM
14Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Constructing Star Fort"It was hard work"
Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy and his division entered Winchester on January 1, 1863. The abolitionist general, who vowed to enforce the Emancipation Proclamation aggressively, soon set to work strengthening the town's defenses. His soldiers rotated . . . — Map (db m100975) HM
15Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — J-16 — Defenses of Winchester
The fort on the hilltop to the north is one of a chain of defenses commanding the crossings of the Opequon. It was constructed by Milroy in 1863. — Map (db m80324) HM
16Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Early Moves to Battle"The fire of battle veritably flashing in his eyes." — The Third Battle of Winchester (September 19, 1864) —
(sidebar) On September 18, 1864, Confederate Gen. Jubal Early, commander of Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley, was in Martinsburg, West Virginia, 23 miles north of here, with half of his army. While there, he learned that Union . . . — Map (db m155062) HM
17Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Fight for the High Ground
The Shenandoah Valley's strategic location and rich farmland caused it to be the scene of two major Civil War campaigns that comprised hundreds of battles and skirmishes. Many Valley farms, like Rose Hill, became battlefields or campgrounds . . . — Map (db m3498) HM
18Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — First Battle of Kernstown
Was fought here Sunday, March 23, 1862 Confederates under Gen. T.J. “Stonewall” Jackson attacked Federals under Gen. James Shields. The fighting was chiefly west of the road and continued from early afternoon until nightfall. When . . . — Map (db m2635) HM
19Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-11 — First Battle of Winchester
Here Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson and his army, early on the morning of 25 May 1862, defeated Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Bank’s forces during Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley campaign. Banks, outnumbered and . . . — Map (db m2596) HM
20Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-4 — Fort Collier
Just to the east, a redoubt known as Fort Collier was built by Joseph E. Johnston in 1861. Early’s left rested here during the Third Battle of Winchester, September 19, 1864. — Map (db m2481) HM
21Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Fort Collier“I never saw such a sight”
Confederate troops constructed Fort Collier in 1861 after the evacuation of Harpers Ferry. The earthworks, which surrounded the Benjamin Stine house here, commanded the approach to Winchester on the Martinsburg and Winchester Turnpike. The fort saw . . . — Map (db m2492) HM
22Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q 4a — General Daniel Morgan / Winchester
(North Side): Morgan used this road in traveling from his home, “Saratoga,” to Winchester. He was a frontiersman, Indian fighter and the commander of Morgan’s famous riflemen in the Revolution. He won glory at Quebec and Saratoga, . . . — Map (db m2290) HM
23Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q 4c — George Washington in Winchester
In Mar. 1748, George Washington first visited Winchester, then known as Fredericktown, as a surveyor for Lord Fairfax. Washington purchased property in Winchester in 1753 and was an unsuccessful candidate for a House of Burgesses seat here in 1755. . . . — Map (db m2663) HM
24Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-38 — Hackwood Park
One mile east is the site of Hackwood Estate House, built in 1777 by General John Smith. Documents reveal that the Hackwood House caught fire during the Third Battle of Winchester. Union troops used the buildings on the site for a hospital, . . . — Map (db m12090) HM
25Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — How To See the Battlefield
On March 23, 1862, the opening conflict of the famous Valley Campaign began on the adjoining Glass and Pritchard farms. You are visiting the Glass Farm called Rose Hill. The neighboring Pritchard Farm is 1½ miles to the southeast (right) of . . . — Map (db m154721) HM
26Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — In Memory of the Many Soldiers of the Revolution
In Memory of the many soldiers of the Revolution interred at Opequon Church of whom only seven are known Major John Gilkeson Captain William Chipley Captain Samuel Gilkeson Captain James Simrall Captain Samuel Vance Captain William Vance Private . . . — Map (db m2633) WM
27Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — John Rutherford's FarmInterrupted by War
John H. Rutherford was born about 1820. He acquired approximately 275 acres here between 1843 and 1848 from the heirs of John Carter. About May 24, 1849, Rutherford married Camilla C. Baker. At first, the couple lived with Mrs. Susan Pitman Carter, . . . — Map (db m14028) HM
28Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Kernstown Battles
Around this site and a mile to the west occurred two major battles of the Civil War. First Kernstown March 23, 1862 Stonewall Jackson attacked what appeared to be a withdrawing federal force led by federal Br. Gen. Shields. Desperate fighting . . . — Map (db m2632) HM
29Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Life on the Huntsberry FarmWar in the Front Yard — Third Battle of Winchester (September 19, 1864) —
(sidebar) 75 Yards in front of you stands the remnants of the Huntsberry Farm. At the time of the battle, the farm covered 400 acres north and south of Red Bud Run. After emigrating from Germany in the early 1700's, the Huntsberry . . . — Map (db m156642) HM
30Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q 4d — Lord Fairfax
Thomas Fairfax (1693-1781), sixth Baron Fairfax of Cameron, was the proprietor of the Northern Neck Proprietary, a vast landholding that lay between the Rappahannock and the Potomac Rivers, and extended to the Blue Ridge. Born in England, he came to . . . — Map (db m2299) HM
31Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Lt. Collier’s Earthworks
From the time of Virginia’s secession from the Union on May 23, 1861, until just before the Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861, the Confederate government in Richmond recognized the importance of defending the Lower Shenandoah Valley. When . . . — Map (db m2494) HM
32Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Northern Victory, Southern Defeat
As Southern units retreated and resistance fell apart, Northern victory was assured. Jackson found himself surrounded by a disorderly retreat of his soldiers. In the growing dark, a few fresh Southern units made gallant attempts to cover the . . . — Map (db m3507) HM
33Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — 169 — Opequon Presbyterian ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
Early Years This historic church was established by Scotch-Irish and German settlers who migrated from eastern Pennsylvania in the early 1730’s. William Hoge donated two acres of land for a meeting house, and an additional two acres for a . . . — Map (db m122175) HM
34Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Opequon Village
Opequon Village Has been placed on the National Register Of Historic Places By the United States Department Of The Interior homestead of the Glass and Cartmell families from 1736 on the Great Road charted in . . . — Map (db m140363) HM
35Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Rose Hill“I do not recollect having ever heard such a roar of musketry.” — 1862 Valley Campaign —
The First Battle of Kernstown, on March 23, 1862, was also the first major Civil War battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley. Throughout the morning, 16 Union cannons on Pritchard’s Hill held off Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s . . . — Map (db m2646) HM
36Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Rutherford's FarmIn the Path of Battle
In addition to the action of July 20, 1864, known as the Battle of Rutherford’s Farm, two other significant events occurred on or near John Rutherford’s property here. The first took place on June 14-15, 1863, during the Gettysburg Campaign, as . . . — Map (db m154051) HM
37Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-8 — Second Battle of Winchester
On June 14, 1863, Jubal A. Early moved west from this point to attack Federal fortifications west of Winchester. — Map (db m2597) HM
38Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Second Battle of WinchesterLouisiana Tigers Capture West Fort — Gettysburg Campaign —
In June 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee marched his infantry from Culpeper County to the Shenandoah Valley to launch his second invasion of the North. First, however, he had to capture Winchester, the largest town on his line of communication, . . . — Map (db m2645) HM
39Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — B-19 — Second Battle of Winchester
Here Jubal A. Early, detached to attack the rear of Milroy, holding Winchester, crossed this road and moved eastward in the afternoon of June 15, 1863. — Map (db m2666) HM
40Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Second Battle of Winchester"The guns in Star Fort greeted them" — Gettysburg Campaign —
(preface) After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m100973) HM
41Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Second Battle of Winchester"A scene ... I shall never forget" — Gettysburg Campaign —
While Union artillery from Star Fort dueled with Confederate gunners in West Fort on June 14, 1863, Winchester's civilians fretted for their safety. Some wondered if Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy would destroy Winchester by either burning or . . . — Map (db m100978) HM
42Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q-4 2 — Spottswood Poles(1886-1962)
Spottswood Poles, baseball player and decorated World War I soldier, was born in Winchester and lived near here. From 1906 until 1923, a period that largely predated the Negro Leagues, he starred on all-black teams such as the Harrisburg Giants, . . . — Map (db m148330) HM
43Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Star FortGuardian of Winchester
Three times during the Civil War, Star Fort played a major role in the defense of Winchester. Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy’s troops began constructing the fort in January 1863 on the site of artillery emplacements Confederate Gen. Thomas J. . . . — Map (db m117368) HM
44Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Advance of Tyler’s Brigade
Northern Colonel Nathan Kimball saw the position of his troops on nearby Pritchard's Hill (1.5 miles left and in front of you) becoming indefensible. Southern artillery recently placed on the higher elevation of Sandy Ridge (just in front of you) . . . — Map (db m3501) HM
45Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Battle of Rutherford's FarmJuly 20, 1864 — Early's Maryland Campaign —
"Indications are that [the] enemy must attack me in the morning....The probabilities are that I shall attack him." —Union Gen. William W. Averell After hearing from scouts that the Confederate army was moving towards . . . — Map (db m155113) HM
46Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Defense of the Stone Wall
Southern General Thomas Jackson was already going by the nickname "Stonewall" when he directed his troops to this location to support the Southern artillery on Sandy Ridge. Ironically, his troops' retreat from this stone wall led to Jackson's only . . . — Map (db m154746) HM
47Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The First Battle of KernstownMarch 23, 1862 — Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign —
"Believing that [the enemy] had other forces near at hand, I did not propose to walk into the net." —Union Col. Nathan Kimball Explaining why he declined to attack the smaller Confederate force during the early stages of . . . — Map (db m155106) HM
48Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The First Battle of WinchesterMay 25, 1862 — Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign —
"Our entrance into Winchester was one of the most stirring scenes of my life." —Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson Remembering the ... reaction when he entered Winchester after the battle At the . . . — Map (db m155108) HM
49Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Glass Homestead and Mill
This Property Has Been Placed On The National Register Of Historic Places By the United States Department Of The Interior — Map (db m140366) HM
50Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q-4 — The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road
The Great Indian Road, called Philadelphia Wagon Road by many settlers, was developed by Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) warriors traveling in the 1700s through the Great Valley of the Appalachians (which they called Jonontore) from Cohongaronto (north of . . . — Map (db m12089) HM
51Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Order for Retreat
Northern commander Colonel Nathan Kimball 1.5 miles away (over the hill on your right) on Prichard's Hill faced the threat of defeat. He decided to seize the initiative and order a second assault against the Southern artillery atop Sandy Ridge. At . . . — Map (db m3504) HM
52Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Second Battle of KernstownJuly 24, 1864 — Early's Maryland Campaign —
"I determined to attack the enemy at once [and] my whole force was put in motion for Winchester." —Confederate Gen. Jubal Early Upon learning that a large number of Union troops had departed the Valley, having only Cook's . . . — Map (db m155117) HM
53Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Second Battle of WinchesterJune 13-15, 1863 — Lee's 1863 Gettysburg Campaign —
"Hurrah for the Louisiana boys! There's Early; I hope the old fellow won't be hurt!" —Confederate Gen. Richard E. Ewell Watching Jubal Early and the Louisiana Tigers make the pivotal attack on West Flank. At . . . — Map (db m155111) HM
54Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterConfederate Horse Artillery
"A more murderous fire I never witnessed..."Col. Thomas Munford, C.S.A. In an effort to protect the Confederate left flank, Gen. Fitzhugh Lee placed a detachment of cavalry and six pieces of horse artillery, lighter cannons made . . . — Map (db m3091) HM
55Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterFording Red Bud Run
"To stop was death. To go on was probably the same; but on we started again." Col. Rutherford B. Hayes, U.S.A. Red Bud Run is as wide and boggy today as it was in 1864. During their attack, the men of the Eighth Corps sank into the . . . — Map (db m3159) HM
56Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterHackwood House
Prominent Virginian John Smith was charged with guarding prisoners of war held in Winchester during the Revolutionary War. He purportedly had this stately home (in front of you) built by Hessian and British prisoners around 1777. During the . . . — Map (db m3164) HM
57Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Confederate Defense
In the mid-morning of September 19, Confederate Gen. John B. Gordon's infantry, veteran troops from Georgia, Louisiana, and Virginia, took position to your right on the other side of Hackwood Lane. At 11:40 a.m., at the sound of artillery fire, . . . — Map (db m3174) HM
58Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The Second Woods
You are standing at the site of what is known as the Second Woods. The fighting in and around the Second Woods was so rapid and chaotic that many participants disagreed on the details and order of the events. But this is much clear: at 11:40 a.m., . . . — Map (db m3175) HM
59Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The West Woods
You are standing near the center of General Early's infantry line at what has come to be called the West Woods. Although these particular trees were not here during the Battle of Third Winchester, some are in the same location as those that stood on . . . — Map (db m3188) HM
60Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester
(Left Side): The Third Battle of Winchester - September 19, 1864 Bloodiest Battle of the Shenandoah Valley Gen. Jubal Early assuming that Gen. Phil Sheridan was yet another cautious Union commander, divided his roughly 14,000 troops on a . . . — Map (db m3194) HM
61Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Camp Averell
In the months after the Third Battle of Winchester, this area became home to Camp Averell, named after Union cavalry gen. William Woods Averell. Elements of six cavalry and "mounted infantry" regiments from New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia . . . — Map (db m3196) HM
62Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The Union Rear
The First Woods saw little combat, but areas near the front lines were bustling with activity. Here, men of Grover's, Dwight's, and Thoburn's Union divisions formed for their attacks across the Middle Field. Union Generals rallied the broken . . . — Map (db m3198) HM
63Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Union Victories in the Valley
After the successful attack of the Union Eighth Corps, it was only a matter of time before the Confederates lost the battle. As Confederate Gen. Early consolidated his lines closer and closer to Winchester, his men faced coordinated infantry . . . — Map (db m3199) HM
64Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterThoburn's Attack
As the Nineteenth Corps tried to reorganize its lines, Union Col. Joseph Thoburn's division of the Eighth Army Corps came up from reserve and took position at the edge of the First Woods behind you. Union Gen. Philip Sheridan soon arrived and . . . — Map (db m6314) HM
65Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterHackwood Lane
You are standing on Hackwood Lane. Running east to west, it was part of a network of country lanes connecting the Berryville Pike and the Valley Pike in the mid-19th century. The trees on either side were not present during the battle. — Map (db m62779) HM
66Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterThe Attack of the Eighth Corps
"The order was to walk fast, keep silent, until within about one hundred yards of the guns, and then with a yell to charge at full speed." Col. Rutherford B. Hayes, U.S.A. At noon on September 19, Union General Sheridan's Sixth and . . . — Map (db m153559) HM
67Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterThe Confederates Reform
"Unless this force were driven back, the day was lost." General Jubal A. Early, C.S.A. Standing here about noon during the battle, you would have seen Union troops under Gen. Henry Birge pursuing Gen. Clement Evans' Georgians from right . . . — Map (db m153568) HM
68Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterThe Middle Field - Bloodiest Encounter in the Shenandoah Valley
You are standing in the Middle Field - perhaps the bloodiest place in the Shenandoah Valley. After hours of preparation, Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah was ready to advance against the Confederate position east of Winchester at 11:40 a.m. . . . — Map (db m153573) HM
69Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterThe First Woods - A Perfect Slaughterhouse
As Confederates drove Union Gen. Grover's 2nd Division back across the fields in front of you, the 1st Division of the Nineteenth Army Corps was moving up to the edge of the First Woods behind you, (the tree line was then some 400 yards further . . . — Map (db m153583) HM
70Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester
(Left Side): The Third Battle of Winchester - September 19, 1864 Bloodiest Battle of the Shenandoah Valley Gen. Jubal Early assuming that Gen. Phil Sheridan was yet another cautious Union commander, divided his roughly 14,000 troops on a . . . — Map (db m155043) HM
71Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterSeptember 19, 1864 — Sheridan's 1864 Shenandoah Campaign —
"You haven't begun to fight yet! I've got Crook here with 10,000 men, and I am going to throw them in and whip these fellows." —Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan Telling Union Gen. William Emory—who exclaimed "My dead . . . — Map (db m155122) HM
72Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — J-3 — Third Battle of Winchester
Here Confederate forces under General Jubal A. Early, facing east, received the attack of Sheridan’s army at noon on September 19, 1864. Early repulsed the attack and countercharged, breaking the Union line. Only prompt action by General Emory Upton . . . — Map (db m2268) HM
73Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — J-13 — Third Battle of Winchester
On a hill, approximately one-half mile to the west, Philip H. Sheridan established his final position on September 19, 1864. General Jubal A. Early held the ground one-half mile further to the west. At 4 P.M., Sheridan advanced with massed cavalry . . . — Map (db m2271) HM
74Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Third Battle of Winchester"The enemy within the fort ... hastily evacuated" — 1864 Valley Campaign —
(preface) The fertile Shenandoah Valley was the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy" as well as an avenue of invasion. Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's march north and his raid on Washington, D.C., in June-July 1864 alerted Union Gen. Ulysses . . . — Map (db m117369) HM
75Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Third Battle of WinchesterA Gathering of Future Leaders — 1864 Valley Campaign —
The Third Battle of Winchester, fought here on September 19, 1864, was a proving ground for several men on both sides who shaped post-war America. They included two future presidents, two senators, a state governor, and several military leaders. . . . — Map (db m155042) HM
76Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Third Battle of WinchesterSeptember 19, 1864 • Sheridan's Shenandoah Campaign — Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District —
(left panel) Shenandoah At War In 1996, Congress designated eight counties as the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District, with a mission to preserve and interpret the region's Civil War battlefields and related . . . — Map (db m155070) HM
77Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Three Battlefields"We Could Hear Heavy Cannonading"
The ground you stand on was part of three different Civil War battlefields, a testament to the frequency of combat around Winchester. On June 15, 1863, during the Second Battle of Winchester, Louisiana troops cut off Union Col. Andrew T. . . . — Map (db m155523) HM
78Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — War in the Backyard
At the beginning of the Civil War, the third generation of the Scots-Irish Glass family lived at Rose Hill. The household consisted of Thomas Glass (age 67), and his wife Margaret (age 51), his son William (age 25) and fifteen slaves, most of them . . . — Map (db m3495) HM
79Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — A View of Winchester in 1745 - The Four Public Lots
Winchester, originally known as Frederick Town, was officially founded in 1744 by Col. James Wood. It was the first British town established west of the Blue Ridge mountains and in believed to have looked something like this. These four public lots . . . — Map (db m26873) HM
80Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd1888 - 1957
The Winchester native attended the Virginia Military Institute, The University of Virginia, and graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy, 1912. He was a pioneer aviator and Polar explorer. In 1926, he was the first to fly over the North Pole for . . . — Map (db m26876) HM
81Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Braddock Cannon
(Left Side): This monument marks the trail taken by the army of General Braddock, which left Alexandria April 9, 1755 to defend the western frontier against the French and Indians. Erected by the Society of Colonial Dames of America in the . . . — Map (db m2649) HM
82Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Braddock Street Methodist Church
"To Serve the Present Age" - Charles Wesley From Court House to Church Thirty-two charter members met July 24, 1858, in the Frederick County Court House and were organized as a congregation of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, . . . — Map (db m7342) HM
83Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Braddock Street United Methodist Church"All gifts, all hands, all doers of the Word"
The mission of the 11 million member United Methodist Church is to make disciples of Jesus Christ for the transformation of the world. The congregation here at Braddock Street United Methodist Church embraces this charge through extensive . . . — Map (db m150628) HM
84Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Cannon Used by George Washington
Cannon used by George Washington in defence of Fort Loudoun 1756 — Map (db m150625) HM WM
85Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Centenary Reformed Churchof The Reformed Church in the United States
A congregation was organized in Winchester following a visit in 1748 from the Eminent Dr. Michael Schlatter, missionary from the Classis of Amsterdam, Holland, to the Reformed congregations in America. The erection of the first house of worship . . . — Map (db m134243) HM
86Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Colonel James Wood
Colonel James Wood, the founder of Winchester, was a native of the ancient city of the same name in England. He laid out and founded the new town prior to 1740. It received a charter of incorporation from the colonial legislature in February 1752. . . . — Map (db m26892) HM
87Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Confederate Memorial
In lasting honor of every Confederate soldier from Winchester and Frederick County who faithfully served the South — Map (db m150619) WM
88Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — First Presbyterian Church
First Presbyterian Church, whose mission is "Serving Christ and neighbor in the heart of Winchester and beyond," began in 1788 when a group of Presbyterians built "Old Stone" church, still standing at 306 E. Piccadilly Street. General Daniel . . . — Map (db m150622) HM
89Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Frederick County CourthouseWitness to War
During the Civil War, the Union and Confederate armies each used the Frederick County Courthouse as a hospital and a prison. Cornelia McDonald, a local citizen, nursed the wounded here after the First Battle of Kernstown on March 23, 1862. She . . . — Map (db m2659) HM
90Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — George Washington
In March of 1748, George Washington, at age sixteen, arrived in Winchester, then called Frederick Town. During the next four years, he worked as a surveyor throughout the colonial Virginia frontier. — Map (db m2647) HM
91Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — George Washington Lot
Site of lot 77 purchased by George Washington May 15, 1753. Sold by his executors on June 17, 1805 to Dr. Robert MacKey, surgeon in the American Revolution. A blacksmith shop located here made iron work for Fort Loudoun. The lot was 119 ft. on . . . — Map (db m2662) HM
92Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — George Washington's Political Career Began on this Site
On July 24, 1758, at the first Frederick County Court House on this site, Colonel George Washington, age 26, was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. This was the first elective office of the young commander of Virginia's forces here to guard . . . — Map (db m26889) HM
93Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Handley Library
. . . — Map (db m117440) HM
94Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Hill's Keep
This early 19th century stone building originally stood at 8 E. Cork Street and was relocated to this site in 2004. — Map (db m150623) HM
95Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Jacob H. Yost Building
Erected in 1872 by Col. F.W.M. Holliday (Governor of Virginia, 1878–1882) on land originally owned by Lord Fairfax, this building often referred to as “Lawyer's Row,” was completely renovated and restored in 1974 by the Farmers and . . . — Map (db m90155) HM
96Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Lee Snyder LovettAttorney at Law
The First Woman to Practice Law In the City of Winchester From 1947 to 1987 Maintained Her Office In this Building — Map (db m150630) HM
97Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Little-Holiday House137 West Boscawen Street
This beautiful stone home was built in 1800 by James Little (1769-1834), a local merchant, and remained in this family until 1853. It was purchased in 1860 by Robert Holiday (1809-1893), a leader in the Lutheran Church. His sister, Helen Holliday . . . — Map (db m91883) HM
98Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Lord Fairfax
At sometime prior to the incorporation of Winchester, Thomas Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron, and at one time a Justice of the County of Frederick, dedicated to the public uses of the square which is bounded by Court House Avenue and the streets . . . — Map (db m26894) HM
99Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Q 4-m — Mary Greenhow Lee(1819 - 1907)
On this site lived Mary Greenhow Lee, whose extensive diary survives as one of the most informative records of daily life in Civil War Virginia. Lee chronicled military engagements, home front hardships, and the erosion of slavery. An ardent . . . — Map (db m92373) HM
100Virginia (Winchester), Old Town — Miller Drug StoreC. 1780 & 1814
In 1806 Godfrey Miller II moved the apothecary, founded in 1764 by his father to this site. Known as the oldest continuing family run drug store in the USA, it thrived during the Civil War until 1990. — Map (db m150629) HM

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Oct. 24, 2020