Mountain Rest in Oconee County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Oconee Waterwheel
Establishment of the Park
Oconee State Park was developed in the 1930's as one of the earliest State Parks in South Carolina was built by members of the Civilian Conservation Corp. The CCC was a program created as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal in the midst of the Great Depression of the 1930's to address the dual problems of massive unemployment and the tremendous need to reverse the effect of generations of damaging farming practices on the land.
The CCC camp at Oconee was established in July of 1935. Over the course of the next two years, the man of CCC Camp F-1 worked to create Oconee State Park on land that had been farmed heavily for decades and was heavily eroded. as in other CCC sites around the country, the CCC recruits at Oconee used native materials and traditional local resources to create the many and varied structures that stand on the park today.
Hydraulic Ram Pump
One method of moving water in our early parks was the hydraulic ram pump. One has been installed in the creek bed to your left. Such pumps use the force of flowing water to raise water uphill, and were commonly used to provide water to homes and barns in mountainous areas before electric pumps became common after World War II. Developed in Western Europe in the late 1700's, ram pumps operate
The Early Park Waterwheel
One of the major needs of the CCC camp and of the growing park was the generation of needed power for the various tasks necessary in the construction and operation of the park. One method used was this waterwheel. The building housing the wheel is a replica of the original wheelhouse which still exists in a remote area of the park where it was once used to power a pump which transported drinking water to the camp. The wheel itself is the original one used by the CCC at Oconee.
The original water wheel operated by taking advantage of the rugged terrain and one of the many streams of this mountainous area. As situated here, the wheel used flow from the lake which is carried by pipe into the small stone well at your far right. A wooden trough guides water to the top of the wheel, where the buckets
There are several types of vertical waterwheels. The Oconee waterwheel is an overshot wheel. This type of wheel uses the advantage of gravity as water flows over the top of the wheel and the weight of the water is added to the force of the water flow to produce power. Often overshot wheels were used in the mountains because they are best suited to small streams with steep drops and limited flow. It is the more effective of the two types of wheels.
Another common type of vertical waterwheel is the undershot wheel. An undershot wheel
Location. 34° 51.85′ N, 83° 6.259′ W. Marker is in Mountain Rest, South Carolina, in Oconee County. Marker is on State Park Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 624 State Park Road, Mountain Rest SC 29664, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cherokee Boundary (1777) (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Oconee State Park (about 500 feet away); Civilian Conservation Corps Monument (about 500 feet away); The Civilian Conservation Corps (about 500 feet away); Oconee Station / Oconee County (approx. 2.3 miles away); Oconee Town (approx. 2.7 miles away); Tamassee Town (approx. 3.4 miles away); Stumphouse Mountain Tunnel (approx. 3.9 miles away); Stumphouse Tunnel (approx. 3.9 miles away); Issaqueena Falls (approx. 4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mountain Rest.
Also see . . .
1. Oconee State Park. Oconee State Park offers the joys of a mountain retreat without the work. (Submitted on December 10, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
2. Map of Oconee State Park (pdf). (Submitted on December 10, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. Civilian Conservation Corps. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a work relief program for young men from unemployed families, established on March 21, 1933, by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. (Submitted on December 11, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
4. Civilian Conservation Corps Legacy. The Civilian Conservation Corps Legacy represents the alumni of America and strives to bring awareness to the heritage of the CCC, CCC alumni, their programs and accomplishments. (Submitted on December 11, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
5. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), 1933-1941. In 1932, when the American public voted President Herbert Hoover out of office, they were searching for an end to the economic chaos and unemployment that had gripped the nation for two years. (Submitted on December 11, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
Categories. • 20th Century • Man-Made Features • Natural Resources •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 10, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,470 times since then and 40 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on December 10, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 7. submitted on December 11, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.