Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Lt. Collierís Earthworks
In the first months of the Civil War, soldiers were reluctant to engage in the backbreaking work essential to build prepared artillery and infantry entrenchments. That soon changed. By the spring of 1862, Virginia was the most heavily fortified state in the Confederacy. Earthworks protected the Confederate positions at Manssas and also along the Virginia Peninsula. After General Robert E. Lee Replaced Johnston in command of Confederate forces in Virginia, on June 1, he began the construction of earthworks around Richmond. By that time, Fort Collier had been completed as an earthwork fortification, commanding the approach to Winchester along the Martinsburg Pike. Collier had sited the fort to bring converging fields of artillery and rife fire on any Federal advance, maximizing Confederate firepower while protecting the garrison behind the parapet.
Erected by Shenandoah at War / The Knowledge Point.
Location. 39° 12.117′ N, 78° 9.241′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11) and Brooke Road (County Route Touch for map. Located on the north side of the walking loop around Fort Collier, in the Fort Collier Civil War Center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 922 Martinsburg Pike, Winchester VA 22601, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Collier (within shouting distance of this marker); The Cavalry Charge at Fort Collier (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Fort Collier (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); George Washington in Winchester (was about 300 feet away but has been reported missing. ); a different marker also named Fort Collier (about 400 feet away); Third Battle of Winchester (about 400 feet away); 2nd Battle of Winchester (about 600 feet away); 3rd Battle of Winchester (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. Drawings on the marker detail the layout of the fort and the profile of the earthworks.
Regarding Lt. Collierís Earthworks. The related markers section links the Civil War Trails marker and the four interpretive markers located at the Fort Collier Civil War Center.
Related markers. Click list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. Fort Collier Civil War Center. The gallery contains a JPG copy of this marker. (Submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. The Knowledge Point - Civil War Orientation Center. Background on this project hosted by the Shenandoah University. (Submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Civil War Fortifications. The theory and practice of fortification building as applied in the Civil War. (Submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,459 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.