Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
A Sacriﬁce to the Grim God of War
—1862 Peninsula Campaign —
Confederate commander John Bankhead Magruder learned from an article in the New York Tribune that Butler planned to quarter Union troops and escaped slaves known as “Contraband of War” in Hampton. Magruder swiftly acted to thwart the Union plan. He ordered Hampton resident Capt. Jefferson Curle Phillips of the Old Dominion Dragoons to burn the town. Local residents including members of the Warwick Beauregards and the York Rangers carried out the harsh directive On the night of August 7, 1861.
Capt. Phillips assembled his troops at the western wall of St. John’s churchyard. He notified the citizens that the town would have to be destroyed and soon Hampton was engulfed in flames. Only the venerable charred walls of St. John’s Church and a few other scattered shells of buildings remained standing. The Philadelphia Inquirer described the eerie scene, “Nothing but a forest of blear-sided chimneys and brick houses tottering and
The Union continued to use the desolated town. Soldiers camped in St. John’s churchyard. African-Americans settled in the large “Grand Contraband Camp” in Hampton and “Slabtown” near Fort Monroe. They supported the Union causes as camp laborers, servants to the Federal officers, and crew members on navy ships.
“As the smoke and flames ascended to heaven, I was reminded of the ancient sacrifices on the altar…and I thought of how our little town was being made a sacrifice to the grim god of war.” – Sgt. Robert S. Hudgins, Old Dominion Dragoons
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 37° 1.459′ N, 76° 20.612′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Settlers Landing Road (U.S. 60) and South King Street. Touch for map. This CWT Panel is located in Carousel Park. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton VA 23669, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Langley Field: Discovering Aerospace Ninteenth-Century Hampton (a few steps from this marker); Langley Field: Creating an Air Force (a few steps from this marker); Eighteenth-Century Hampton (a few steps from this marker); Twentieth-Century Hampton (within shouting distance of this marker); Seventeenth-Century Hampton (within shouting distance of this marker); British Approach to Hampton / The War of 1812 (within shouting distance of this marker); The Hampton Carousel (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
More about this marker. On the upper left is an image carrying the caption, “Front view of St. John’s Church. Destroyed with the town of Hampton by the rebels under Gen. Magruder. Watercolor by Let. Robert K. Sneden. Copyright Virginia Historical Society, 1997
On the lower right are a sketch of the “Evacuation and Burning of the village of Hampton, August 7, 1861.” and a photo of “The Freedman’s Village, Hampton, Virginia.” Courtesy of the Library of Congress
Also see . . . Tidewater Virginia - The 1862 Peninsula Campaign. Virginia Civil War Trails (Submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • African Americans • Notable Events • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,091 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on August 1, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.