Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Gibbs v. Broome, et al/1931 Courthouse
27 Courthouse Square
— Rockville’s African American Heritage Walking Tour —
Should you receive the same pay for doing the same work? William B. Gibbs, teacher and principal of the Rockville Colored Elementary School, thought so, but he had to take the issue to court.
African American teachers had to meet the same qualifications as their White peers but received only half the salary. Gibbs petitioned the Board of Education for equal pay, but the Board denied his petition. Gibbs filed a suit in Montgomery County Circuit Court in 1936.
NAACP attorneys Thurgood Marshall (who later became the nation’s first African American Supreme Court Justice) and Charles Houston (then Vice Dean of Howard University Law School) represented Mr. Gibbs. County School Superintendent Edwin Boome settled out of court, phasing in equal pay over a two-year period. The year after the case was filed, William Gibbs was fired from the Montgomery County School System.
Erected by City of Rockville Historic District Commission, Dept. of Community Planning and Development Services. (Marker Number 2.)
Marker series. This marker is Maryland, Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour marker series.
Location. 39° 5.038′ N, 77° 9.102′ W. Marker is in Rockville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker is on Courthouse Square (W. Montgomery Ave.) west of Maryland Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Rockville MD 20850, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Red Brick Courthouse (here, next to this marker); Rockville (here, next to this marker); Montgomery County Court House (a few steps from this marker); 1891 Red Brick Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Gettysburg Campaign (within shouting distance of this marker); Court House Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and His Men (within shouting distance of this marker); The Confederate Monument (was within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported permanently removed. ). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rockville.
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Notable Events • Notable Persons •
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Credits. This page was last revised on March 27, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 16, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,064 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 16, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 22, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 6, 7. submitted on March 26, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.