Columbia in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
1. Map of Columbia
2. Photo of Columbia Opera House
In 1875 Columbia opened its new three-story Opera House containing an auditorium seating over 900, offices, shops and Council chambers and topped with the town clock. In 1947 fire destroyed the building, but the community rebuilt it and the clock, dedicating the resulting one-story building as the Borough offices.
3. Burning of the Bridge
The sun was just setting on June 28, 1863 when Confederate Brigadier General John B. Gordon and his men were closing in on their objective - the one and one-quarter mile-long, covered Columbia-Wrightsville Bridge. as the first Rebels charged into the cool shadows of the bridge's first span, four explosions soon halted them. Colonel Jacob G. Frick and his 650 men had been ordered by Major General Darius N. Couch to protect the bridge. As the Confederates closed in, local militia attempted to blow up several spans of the bridge to keep them from crossing. When this proved unsuccessful, a fire was set which totally engulfed the entire span. Frick stopped the Confederates but lost the bridge hew was ordered to protect.
4. Background Image: Veteran's Memorial Bridge
The inter-county bridge was dedicated on Armistice Day, November 11, 1930 to the memory of the sons and daughters of Lancaster and York Counties who had served in our country' wars. The span, approximately one and one-half miles long, was believed to be the longest multiple arch reinforced concrete highway bridge in the world upon its completion.
5. Area map showing Columbia, Marietta and Wrightsville. The red dot indicates the approximate location of this panel.
Erected by Rivertowns PA USA.
Location. 40° 1.958′ N, 76° 30.384′ W. Marker is in Columbia, Pennsylvania, in Lancaster County. Marker is on Lincoln Highway (Pennsylvania Route 462), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at the east end of the Veterans Memorial Bridge just as you enter Columbia from Wrightsville. Marker is in this post office area: Columbia PA 17512, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Columbia (within shouting distance of this marker); Lincoln Highway (within shouting distance of this marker); The Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal (approx. 1.2 miles away); Susquehanna River Water Trail (approx. 1.2 miles away); The River: a Corridor and a Barrier (approx. 1.2 miles away); Burning the Wrightsville Bridge (approx. 1.2 miles away); a different marker also named Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal (approx. 1.2 miles away); Veterans Memorial Bridge (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Bridges & Viaducts • Colonial Era • Man-Made Features • Military • Notable Buildings • Notable Events • Notable Persons • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 25, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,377 times since then and 22 times this year. Photo 1. submitted on February 25, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.