“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Illinois Facts and Figures

Gleaned from the Historical Marker Database


on November 27, 2020

1876 artwork by Henry Mitchell, via Wikipedia Commons

 Illinois ranks 26th among states and provinces with markers in this database. Illinois is a state in the United States of America located in the American Midwest. It is also in the Great Lakes region. Illinois is some 58 thousand square miles in size with a population of around 12.7 million people. The state is divided into 102 counties and 98 of them have entries in this database. In Illinois we have discovered historical markers in 354 cities and towns lying in 380 different ZIP Codes.

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There are at least 1,851 historical markers in Illinois, by our count. We have cataloged 1,733 historical markers and 162 war memorials—each individually presented on 1,868 illustrated, annotated, and searchable pages of the Historical Marker Database. Pages for historical markers from this state make up 1.2% of our total. In addition, we are reasonably certain of another 118 historical markers in Illinois that we don’t yet have, and instead show on our Want List. Our correspondents have been finding and adding hundreds of markers a month to the database from all over the world, so next time you visit this page you will probably find that the numbers here have changed.

The first Illinois marker in the database, Reagan Home, was added July 9, 2007. It was photographed in Dixon in Lee County and was erected in 1999. The last one added was submitted earlier today, and titled Lincoln-Douglas Debate. It is in Jonesboro in Union County and had been erected in 1935. Keeping in mind that the erection date of many markers in the database is not known, the earliest historical marker we know of in Illinois was erected in 1864. It was this one: Firefighters Memorial, and one of our correspondents found it in Chicago in Cook County on April 30, 2016.

Illinois Historical Topics
391 • Industry and Commerce
347 • Settlements and Settlers
304 • Government and Politics
228 • Roads and Vehicles
158 • Cemeteries and Burial Sites
136 • Civil War
123 • Architecture
122 • Churches and Religion
114 • Education
108 • Native Americans
    ... and others ...

Illinoisans don’t want to forget their Industry and Commerce history. How do we know? Because there are more historical markers in the database from Illinois about Industry and Commerce—391 of them—than about any other historical topic. It is followed by Settlements and Settlers with 347 markers.

The first marker added to the database with the Industry and Commerce topic was Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices, added January 10, 2008. It had been erected in 1991 in Springfield in Sangamon County. The last one submitted was submitted earlier today, and titled First Coal Mine in Illinois. It had been erected in 2013 in Murphysboro in Jackson County. The earliest marker erected with the Industry and Commerce topic that we have listed was erected in 1915. It is Site of Barbour Inn, found in Greenup in Cumberland County on July 14, 2020.

What is the most interesting historical marker in Illinois? What we know is that In Honor of All Who Served is the most viewed entry in the database from Illinois since it was added in 2008. It is located in Hoopeston in Vermilion County. This year so far, the most viewed Illinoisan entry is located in Rossville in Vermilion County. It is In Honor of Those Who Served.

Counties, Cities and Towns

The Illinois county with the most historical markers listed in this database is Cook County, with 216 of them. It is followed by Sangamon County with 128 markers. The Chicago area of Cook County has the highest number of markers within its limits, 180. In Sangamon County the area with the most markers, 109, is Springfield.

Historical Markers in These
Illinois Counties
216 • Cook County
128 • Sangamon County
103 • Will County
101 • Madison County
90 • St. Clair County
72 • Adams County
65 • Monroe County
63 • McLean County
62 • Logan County
61 • Lake County
    ... and others ...

Checking the database for the city or town in Illinois with the most markers we again find Chicago at the top of the list with 180 markers in or near it. And Springfield also shows up again in next place, with 109 markers. For the ZIP Code with the most markers it’s 62301 at the top of the list with 71 markers in its delivery area. (ZIP Code 62301 is assigned to Quincy IL including the Burton, and Marblehead delivery areas.) It is followed closely by ZIP Code 62701 with 69 markers. (62701 is assigned to Springfield IL.)

Historical Markers Near These
Illinois Cities and Towns
180 • Chicago
109 • Springfield
72 • Quincy
63 • Joliet
44 • Waterloo
43 • Vandalia
41 • Bloomington
34 • Alton
34 • Lincoln
33 • Danville
    ... and others ...

Getting back to Cook County, the first marker added to the database from there, Victory, World War I Black Soldiers’ Memorial, was added January 12, 2008. It was erected in 1927 in Chicago. The last one submitted was uploaded on November 2, 2020, and is titled Berwyn, Illinois, in Berwyn. The earliest marker erected in Cook County that we have listed was erected in 1864. It was Firefighters Memorial, found in Chicago on April 30, 2016.

Latest entry from Illinois. Click to go there
By Jason Voigt, November 26, 2020
Latest Entry from Illinois
“Lincoln-Douglas Debate”

And finally the first, last, and oldest markers from Springfield. The first: The Lincoln Depot, was added January 6, 2008. It had been erected in 1966. The last: Lincoln's Final Journey added on November 23, 2020. It had been erected in 2008. The earliest marker erected was erected in 1874: Lincoln’s Tomb, added on January 20, 2008.

Who Puts Up Historical Markers?

State of Illinois Historic Preservation Agency is currently in charge of the familiar dark brown and silver official historical markers found all over the state. You will also find official markers erected by the the Illinois State Historical Society, a predecessor. We have 320 of their markers in the database. Also, a number of counties have erected historical markers on their streets and roads and within their public areas, as have some cities and towns.

Latest entry from Illinois. Click to go there
By Cosmos Mariner, September 15, 2015
A State of Illinois Historic Preservation Agency Historical Marker

Then there are federal government agencies that put up historical markers, especially in national parks and other areas under their jurisdiction. And finally, there are the numerous public and private organizations and individuals that erect markers. Some do this as a continual endeavor, and others once in a while, to mark something, someone, or someplace they find important or interesting. When one of our correspondents comes across one that satisfies our criteria, we add it to the database.

Off the Beaten Path

You’ll find that even the smallest, least populated, or most rural areas of Illinois have been marked with history. Check out Fulton County, Ford County and Clay County. We've only found one historical marker in each. Visiting one or more of these parts of Illinois might make for a pleasant road trip, and maybe you’ll discover more historical markers while you’re there. If you do, perhaps you’ll take the time to photograph them and, when you get home, become an HMdb correspondent by adding them to the database. Happy Hunting!

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Nov. 27, 2020