Phenix City in Russell County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Coweta: Center for International Diplomacy
— Creek Heritage Trail —
Owing to Coweta's position of importance among Lower Creek towns, European colonial representatives frequently visited the town throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Perhaps the most celebrated visit by European dignitaries to Coweta took place in the summer of 1739, when James Oglethorpe arrived at the village to obtain the blessings of the Creeks to establish
As Europeans traded extensively with the Creeks, trade became the key factor in diplomatic relationships. Europeans brought manufactured goods such as weapons, clothing, fabrics, jewelry cooking ware, and tools in addition to foodstuffs like salt, sugar, coffee, and liquor. Creeks paid for these goods with a number of products including cattle, hogs, herbs, hickory oil, and corn but the predominant form of payment was deerskins. Prepared skins were sent to Europe by the traders where they were made into a wide range of products including clothing, gloves, and book bindings.
After establishing themselves on the Atlantic coast of Florida by the late 1500s, the Spanish began to move steadily westward and northward in the 1600s. By the early 1680s, they had even built a fort near what is now Phenix City and were in regular communication with Coweta. The English, after establishing a presence at Charleston in 1670, began to move southward and westward into the Southern backcountry at about the same time. Traders from Charleston are known to have been visiting Coweta by the 1680s if not earlier. The French, last to enter the Chattahoochee Valley's colonial scene, set up on the Gulf Coast
Left middle: Depiction of Oglethorpe visiting with the Creeks
Courtesy of the Library of Congress
Left bottom: 1.) These trade items on display at the Columbus Museum were discovered through archaeological investigations. From left to right: Trade beads, hatchet, knife blades, hoe, buckles, French flintlock pistol, British sword hilt.
Courtesy of the Columbus Museum.
2.) Reproduction trade goods on display at the Columbus Museum.
Courtesy of the Columbus Museum
Right middle: A monument commemorating Woodward's important role in establishing trade connections between South Carolina and southern Native American groups stands at The Arsenal in Beaufort, South Carolina.
Courtesy of Alex Marsh
Right middle bottom: Reenactors depicting Spanish soldiers in uniforms similar to those worn at the time of Fort Apalachicola's construction.
Courtesy of Carlos Matteo
Right insert: The arrival of a colorful character named Henry Woodward in 1685 first placed Coweta at the center of international economic and political intrigue. Woodward, an English trader from the Charleston area, visited the Chattahoochee
Erected 2015 by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission, WestRock, The University of Alabama Center for Economic Development and the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Industry & Commerce • Native Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1739.
Location. 32° 27.889′ N, 84° 59.942′ W. Marker is in Phenix City, Alabama, in Russell County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Dillingham Street and Brickyard Road (Route 61). Located on the north side of the Phenix City Amphitheater, along the Chattahoochee Riverwalk. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 508 Dillingham Street, Phenix City AL 36867, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Creek Town of Coweta (here, next to this marker); "Emperor" Brims, Mary Musgrove and Chief William McIntosh (here, next to this marker); Coweta and Northeastern Russell County: (here, next to this marker); Six Indians Hanged (here, next to this marker); POW ✯ MIA Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederates Set Fire To Lower Bridge (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Military Service Walk (about 700 feet away in Georgia); Horace King (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Phenix City.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 7, 2017. It was originally submitted on February 7, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 383 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on February 7, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.