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Tuskegee Institute in Macon County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Fred David Gray

Civil Rights Attorney and Legislator / Advocate for Victims and History

 
 
Fred David Gray Marker (Side 1) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
1. Fred David Gray Marker (Side 1)
Inscription.  
Side 1
Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." Over a six-decade career, his cases desegregated transportation, education. housing, law enforcement, public accommodations, and government. In the U.S. Supreme Court, Browder v. Gayle won the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Gomillion v. Lightfoot ended gerrymandering of Tuskegee and set the stage for "one man, one vote." Lee v. Macon desegregated all Alabama public elementary and secondary schools. Dixon v. Alabama extended the rights of college students. His clients included Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., John Lewis, Vivian Malone, Harold Franklin, Freedom Riders, Selma-to-Montgomery marchers, and Tuskegee Syphilis Study victims. In 1970, he and Thomas Reed were the first African Americans since Reconstruction elected to the Alabama Legislature. In 2002, he was the first African American president of the Alabama Bar Association.
(continued on other side)

Side 2
(continued from other side)

Gray represented the 623 victims of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study, in
Fred David Gray Marker (Side 2) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
2. Fred David Gray Marker (Side 2)
Click or scan to see
this page online
which the U.S. Public Health Service experimented from 1932-1972 on the effects of untreated syphilis, using African American men from rural Macon County as unwitting research subjects. Available medical treatment was withheld from the men in the study. In 1975, Gray negotiated a settlement for the victims and their survivors. In 1997, President Bill Clinton apologized on behalf of the nation to survivors in a White House ceremony during which he called Gray "a great friend of freedom" and thanked him "for fighting this long battle all these long years." That same year Gray initiated – in honor of the victims and in memory of Bernice Hill Gray – the Tuskegee Human and Civil Rights Multicultural Center, a museum dedicated to the history of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and to the roles of the Native, European and African American peoples who have lived in what is now Macon County, Alabama.
 
Erected 2016 by the Alabama Tourism Department and the Tuskegee History Center.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCivil RightsGovernment & Politics. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #42 William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1930.
 
Location. 32° 25.727′ N, 85° 42.478′ W. Marker is in Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, in Macon County. Marker is at the intersection of West Montgomery Road and Kelly Drive on West Montgomery Road. Located across
View of marker and Booker T. Washington Boulevard entrance to Tuskegee University. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
3. View of marker and Booker T. Washington Boulevard entrance to Tuskegee University.
the road from an entrance to Tuskegee University. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1103 West Montgomery Road, Tuskegee Institute AL 36088, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Tuskegee Civic Association (a few steps from this marker); The Tuskegee Institute Advancement League (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Jessie Parkhurst Guzman (about 400 feet away); Julius Rosenwald (about 400 feet away); Dorothy Hall (about 400 feet away); Lifting the Veil of Ignorance (about 500 feet away); Booker T Washington (about 500 feet away); Tuskegee Chapel (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tuskegee Institute.
 
More about this marker. An exact duplicate of this marker is located in Montgomery, Alabama except it was erected in 2015.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Duplicate of this marker in Montgomery County.
 
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia article on Fred Gray. (Submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. The Encyclopedia of Alabama biography on Fred Gray. (Submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
View of West Montgomery Road looking east. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
4. View of West Montgomery Road looking east.
Fred David Gray image. Click for full size.
Courtesy Alabama Public Radio
5. Fred David Gray
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 22, 2019. It was originally submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 326 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Apr. 21, 2021