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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Lorton in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Occoquan Workhouse

 
 
Occoquan Workhouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 19, 2007
1. Occoquan Workhouse Marker
Inscription.  In the nearby Occoquan Workhouse, from June to December, 1917, scores of women suffragists were imprisoned by the District of Columbia for picketing the White House demanding their right to vote. Their courage and dedication during harsh treatment aroused the nation to hasten the passage and ratification of the 19th Amendment in 1920. The struggle for woman’s suffrage had taken 72 years.
 
Erected 1982 by the League of Women Voters of the Fairfax Area. (Marker Number E-61.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Civil Rights.
 
Location. 38° 41.98′ N, 77° 15.395′ W. Marker is near Lorton, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is at the intersection of Ox Road (Virginia Route 123) and Workhouse Road, on the right when traveling north on Ox Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lorton VA 22079, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Development of a Progressive-Era Model Penal System (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Prisoners at the Workhouse (about 800 feet away); Irma Clifton
Occoquan Workhouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 19, 2007
2. Occoquan Workhouse Marker
(about 800 feet away); a different marker also named Occoquan Workhouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lorton Nike Missile Site (approx. half a mile away); Occoquan River Bridges (approx. one mile away); Historic Occoquan (approx. one mile away); Town of Occoquan (approx. one mile away); a different marker also named Historic Occoquan (approx. one mile away); Gearwheel Assembly (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lorton.
 
More about this marker. It is said that when originally erected in 1982, this was the first marker in the state to recognize civil rights and women’s rights.
 
Regarding Occoquan Workhouse. The Occoquan Workhouse, and later the Lorton Reformatory, was a District of Columbia operated prison built 19 miles from Washington in Virginia to house prisoners from Washington, DC. Opened in 1910, it was connected to Washington first by its own railroad (the Lorton and Occoquan Railroad, 1911–1977, between the prison and a junction with the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac), and then by U.S. Route 1 and finally by Interstate 95. ¶ The telephone exchange in the Lorton area was and still provides toll-free “local” service to and from Washington. Washington city buses ran frequent daily express service from
Original Location of Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 19, 2007
3. Original Location of Marker
The marker was originally erected in 1982 on Route 123 at the entrance to the Occoquan Regional Park. The Lorton Prison complex was immediately north of the marker on both sides of the road. It was removed when work began on realigning and widening of Route 123 and eventually re-erected at the Water Works north of where the prison stood.
the city (non-stop via I-95) during visiting hours until the prison closed in 2002.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. History of the Lorton Prison Complex. (Submitted on May 19, 2007.)
2. Women Suffrage Prisoners at Occoquan Workhouse Marker. An interpretive marker in Occoquan Regional Park. (Submitted on September 7, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 
 
Additional keywords. 19th Ammendment to the Constitution
 
Plaque on the building in the complex image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 2, 2020
4. Plaque on the building in the complex
This property
has been placed on the
National Register
of Historic Places

by the United States
Department of the Interior
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 19, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 6,452 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 19, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.   4. submitted on February 2, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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