Cumberland in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Invasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through the Shenandoah Valley and western Maryland as his cavalry, led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, harassed Union supply lines to the east. Union Gen. Joseph Hooker, replaced on June 28 by Gen. George G. Meade, led the Army of the Potomac from the Washington defenses in pursuit. The Federals collided with Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on July 1, starting a battle neither side had intended to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates began retreating through Maryland, retracing their steps to the Potomac River and crossing into Virginia on July 14.
To follow in their footsteps and to discover their stories, stop by any Welcome Center or local Visitor Center to pick up a Gettysburg: Invasion & Retreat Civil War Trail map-guide. Please drive carefully as you enjoy the history and beauty of Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails, and the Maryland, Gettysburg Campaign: Invasion & Retreat series lists.
Location. 39° 38.961′ N, 78° 45.807′ W. Marker is in Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany County. Marker is at the intersection of Canal Street and Baltimore Street, on the left when traveling south on Canal Street. It it on the left edge of the Western Maryland Railway Station Plaza. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cumberland MD 21502, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Civil War in Allegany County (here, next to this marker); Boat Building at the Cumberland Basin (a few steps from this marker); Life on the Canal (a few steps from this marker); The National Road (a few steps from this marker); Cumberland Terminus: Yesterday and Today (within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland (within shouting distance of this marker); Western Maryland Railway Station (within shouting distance of this marker); Crossroads of America Mural (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 6, 2019. It was originally submitted on May 28, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 2,795 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on September 24, 2019. 2, 3. submitted on May 28, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 4, 5. submitted on September 24, 2019.