Arkansas Post National Memorial in Arkansas County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
The Colbert Raid
April 17, 1783
— Arkansas Post in the American Revolution —
During the American Revolution, Arkansas Post belonged to the Spanish, allies of the American patriots. In 1783, British partisans led by James Colbert raided the Spanish village and fort here. It was one of the last engagements of the war, and the only one in Arkansas.
About 40 Spanish soldiers, in addition to a number of Quapaw Indians, under Capt. Jacobo Dubreuil. These were allies of the American patriots.
About 52 British partisans, including Chickasaw Indians and blacks, under James Logan Colbert, who claimed to be an officer in the British Army.
Early Morning Raid Before moving against the fort, Colbert and his British partisans raided nearby farms and homes, taking seven families hostage.
[2nd Marker (to right) Photo Captions]
Top left: Stockade timbers of Fort Carlos III were split red oak. Bullets could penetrate no more than an inch. The palisade in front of you is a scale replica of a corner of the fort.
Bottom right: No Surrender After six hours of futile attack, Colbert sent a hostage, Doña de Villars, to the fort with a note demanding surrender. Captain Dubreuil refused.
[3rd Marker (to right) Photo Captions]
Top left: Fort Carlos III (named after the Spanish monarch) stood several hundred feet in front of you on ground
Bottom right: Counterattack Under Captain Dubreuil's orders, Sergeant Pastor and thirteen men threw open the gate of the fort, gave the war whoop, and charged the raiders Colbert's partisans fell back.
[4th Marker (to right) Photo Captions]
Top left: The replica Spanish 8-pounder cannon to your right resembles those used at Fort Carlos III.
Bottom right: Withdrawal Colbert's men fled downstream, taking the hostages with them.
The National Park Service wishes
to thank the Arkansas Society of the
Daughters of the American Revolution
for their sponsorship of these exhibits
and historic replicas.
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts or Castles • War, US Revolutionary • Waterways & Vessels.
Location. 34° 1.026′ N, 91° 20.692′ W. Marker is in Arkansas Post National Memorial, Arkansas, in Arkansas County. Marker can be reached from Old Post Road 0.8 miles south of State Route 169. Located just east of the visitors center along the walking trail. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1741 Old Post Road, Gillett AR 72055, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Edge of Empires (here, next to this marker); The Arkansas Posts (within shouting distance of this marker); First Post of Arkansas (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct The Post of Arkansas (about 600 feet away); American Townsite (about 700 feet away); The European Settlement (about 700 feet away); Stone from Ruins of Old Bank (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Post under Spain (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Arkansas Post National Memorial.
Also see . . .
1. Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture article on the Colbert Raid. (Submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. National Park Service Special History Report on the Colbert Raid (pdf). (Submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
3. Wikipedia article on the Battle of Arkansas Post (1783) (aka Colbert's Raid). (Submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 12, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 265 times since then and 106 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.