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Vicksburg National Military Park in Warren County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Blasting Their Way

 
 
Blasting Their Way Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
1. Blasting Their Way Marker
Inscription.  
Direct assaults on the Confederate fortifications on May 19 and 22 ended in heavy Union losses. With Vicksburg's defenses holding strong. Grant changed tactics and ordered a formal siege. Here, at Third Louisiana Redan, all phases of siege warfare were brought to bear on the earthen fort in front of you.

Federal troops labored 24 hours a day in the brutal heat of the Mississippi summer to dig deep trenches along Jackson Road from the Shirley House toward this position. The 45th Illinois Infantry then burrowed under the point of the redan and filled the mine with over 2,200 pounds of black powder.

Every man in the investing line become an army engineer day and night...Entrenchments, rifle pits, and dirt caves were made in every conceivable direction.
Union Soldier

Into the Breach
On June 25th an explosion blew a huge hole in the walls of the fort. Union troops charged into the crater. A second wall stopped the soldiers in their tracks. For 26 hours a fierce battle raged. The Confederates held fast and forced the Union troops to withdraw. Vicksburg's defenses held.
 
Erected by National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesWar, US Civil
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. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #18 Ulysses S. Grant series list. A significant day of the year for for this entry is May 19.
 
Location. 32° 21.523′ N, 90° 50.633′ W. Marker is in Vicksburg National Military Park, Mississippi, in Warren County. Located at the Third Louisiana Redan Tour Stop 3, just west of the Illinois Monument, off Union Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Vicksburg MS 39183, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Andrew Hickenlooper (a few steps from this marker); John E. Smith's Brigade; Assault, May 22, 1863. (a few steps from this marker); The Mine Explosion (a few steps from this marker); U.S. Logan's Approach. (a few steps from this marker); Melancthon Smith (within shouting distance of this marker); Affair of the Crater; June 25-26, 1863. (within shouting distance of this marker); C.S. Appeal (Arkansas) Battery; (within shouting distance of this marker); Eugene Erwin (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vicksburg National Military Park.
 
Regarding Blasting Their Way. A redan is an arrow-shaped embankment forming part of a fortification. Here was one of the major Confederate fortifications guarding the Jackson Road approach to Vicksburg. Concluding that the fort was impregnable to direct assault, General Grant ordered his troops to dig mines under the work and blow it up. The first mine was detonated on June 25; the second on July 1. Neither succeeded in breaking the Confederate line.
 
The redan can be seen in background. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
2. The redan can be seen in background.
A redan is an arrow-shaped embankment forming part of a fortification.
View east, towards marker, below the redan. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
3. View east, towards marker, below the redan.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 29, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 396 times since then and 72 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 29, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Jul. 24, 2024