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Near Edwards in Hinds County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Coker House and the Battle of Champion Hill

 
 
The Coker House and the Battle of Champion Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 24, 2017
1. The Coker House and the Battle of Champion Hill Marker
Inscription.  The Coker House is the only remaining structure on grounds where the pivotal Battle of Champion Hill was fought on May 16, 1863. Located on the southern margin of the battlefield, the house sustained fire from both Union and Confederate artillery as the battle lines shifted throughout the day.

This house, like others in the area, served as a field hospital after the battle.

Artillery Duel
Artillery was positioned in front of this house much of the day. In the morning, Confederate artillery along Cotton Ridge (the name of the subtle high ground where you are standing) held off Union soldiers advancing from the east. Late in the afternoon, the Confederate battery withdrew and a Union battery took its place, aiming at the new Confederate position on the next ridge to the west.

The artillery duel directed to and from the Coker House was peripheral to the main Battle of Champion Hill, centered two miles north. However, at the end of the battle, the engagement here became critical as it provided cover for the Confederate army's withdrawal.

"...for over an hour
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we loaded our guns and killed each other as fast as we could.
"I've been in ... greater battles than Champion Hill, but only once did I see two lines of blue and gray stand close together and fire into each other's faces for an hour and a half.”

Capt. Sam Byers, 5th Iowa Infantry

"One cannon shot went straight through the house... In the room nearest the battery was a piano, standing diagonally across the room, with a corner jut in the right place in the path of the ball. Of course it was knocked off, but the tones were all left... "
Sgt. Thomas B. Marshall, 83d Ohio Infantry

[Captions]
Top right: (below) Illustration of the Battle of Champion Hill and (left) illustration of the action at Bakers Creek, Harper's Weekly.
Bottom left: Theo Davis, journalist/artist for Harper's Weekly, saved these sketches (above right) and published them thirty years after the war.
Bottom right: Portions of General Grant's army moved west toward Vicksburg along the Raymond-Edwards road, which passes in front of the Coker House.

 
Erected by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Notable BuildingsWar, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is May 16, 1863.
 
Location.
View of marker, in kiosk, looking north on Adams Lane. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 24, 2017
2. View of marker, in kiosk, looking north on Adams Lane.
32° 18.244′ N, 90° 33.714′ W. Marker is near Edwards, Mississippi, in Hinds County. Marker is on Adams Lane south of State Route 467, on the left when traveling south. Located just north of Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Adams Lane, Edwards MS 39066, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Architecture and Renovations (here, next to this marker); The Vicksburg Campaign (here, next to this marker); Indecision! Indecision! Indecision!/A Prompt Concentration of Our Forces (here, next to this marker); 1863 Vicksburg Campaign (here, next to this marker); A Refugee Family (within shouting distance of this marker); Artillery Duel (within shouting distance of this marker); Chicago Mercantile Battery - Artillery in the Yard (within shouting distance of this marker); The Death of General Tilghman (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Edwards.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Coker House. (Submitted on November 15, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. The Battle of Champion Hill. (Submitted on November 15, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
The Coker House image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 24, 2017
3. The Coker House
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 15, 2017. It was originally submitted on November 15, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 822 times since then and 115 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 15, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Jun. 23, 2024