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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Landrum in Spartanburg County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Earle's Ford and Fort

 
 
Earle's Ford and Fort Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, September 4, 2008
1. Earle's Ford and Fort Marker
Inscription.  
Erected By Cowpens Chapter D.A.R. to the Memory of The Valiant Defenders of Earle's Ford and Fort • July 15, 1780
 
Erected by Cowpens Chapter, National Society Daughters of the Revolution.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesLandmarksNotable EventsWar, US Revolutionary. A significant historical month for this entry is July 1943.
 
Location. 35° 11.121′ N, 82° 9.133′ W. Marker is near Landrum, South Carolina, in Spartanburg County. Marker is on Landrum Rd (State Highway 14), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Landrum SC 29356, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Wolfe Creek Baptist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); B. Frank Carruth (approx. 2.2 miles away); The Block House (approx. 4.4 miles away in North Carolina); The Tryon Horse (approx. 5.1 miles away in North Carolina); The Brave Devoted Patriots (approx. 5.2 miles away in North Carolina); Polk County Bicentennial Memorial
Earle's Ford and Fort Marker image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, September 4, 2008
2. Earle's Ford and Fort Marker
Click or scan to see
this page online
(approx. 5.3 miles away in North Carolina); Polk County Courthouse (approx. 5.3 miles away in North Carolina); Preserve our Freedom (approx. 5.3 miles away in North Carolina); Polk County World War Memorial (approx. 5.3 miles away in North Carolina); "Old Bill" Williams (approx. 5.3 miles away in North Carolina). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Landrum.
 
Also see . . .
1. Earle's Plantation. (Submitted on March 1, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
2. Earle's Ford. (Submitted on March 1, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. Family of Antony Hampton. Grandfather of Noah Hampton, killed during the battle. (Submitted on March 1, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
 
Additional commentary.
1. About Earle's Ford
Loyalist Colonel Zacharias Gibbs had learned that there was a Patriot force in the area (made up of the troops at McDowell's camp on the Pacolet River), and he sent Alexander Chesney to infiltrate the camp. Chesney wrote that he wanted to "learn their numbers, their commanders names, what carriages they had, how many horse and foot, and whenever
Four Columns Farm image. Click for full size.
By Stanley and Terrie Howard, September 4, 2008
3. Four Columns Farm
This is the Entrance to the Four Columns Farm. Marker is sitting on right side of entrance.
they made any movement towards Col. Ferguson, to return and let him know, and there would be a handsome reward."

Chesney "set out immediately and at Pacolet got a man to go with me, who was acquainted with the North Carolina people; we went down to McDole's camp at night without being noticed, counted all their tents and wagons, found out who were their leaders, and that 500 horsemen were gone down to attack Nicholas's Fort. With this news I returned, and on my way found a loyalist in whom I could confide and sent him with the particulars by one route to Col. Ferguson whilst I went by another." Captain James Dunlap rode to attack McDowell's camp without knowing that Jones' forces had joined McDowell's.

Early in the morning of July 15 Dunlap discovered the camp and began moving across the North Pacolet River to attack. A lone sentry saw them and ran back to warn the camp. Dunlap rushed into the camp with sabers drawn, and surprised Jones' men still sleeping in their blankets. Jones' men received the bulk of the attack, and he lost two killed and six wounded. Jones received eights cuts on the head with a saber. Lt. Freeman rallied the men and moved them back to join Maj. Singleton behind a rail fence.

Cols. McDowell and Hampton formed the rest of the militia on Singleton's right, and ordered a charge into the Loyalists. Dunlap quickly retreated. In the
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counterattack McDowell lost six men killed and eighteen wounded.

One of the dead was Hampton's son, Noah. When the Loyalists has him sleeping in the camp, they asked him his name. He said "Hampton." The Loyalists were enraged by the name of the family who had done so much damage to their cause, and ran a bayonet through him. When the Patriots learned of this atrocity they demanded revenge. McDowell picked out fifty-two men from the two commands, and sent them with Cap. Edward Hampton to pursue the Loyalists.

Five miles from the fort Hampton caught Dunlap and his dragoons on the Blackstock Road, and attacked. Dunlap's men had been riding quietly and were unaware of their pursuers, when a volley of rifle fire tore into their ranks, killing five men. The Loyalists broke and fled to Prince's Fort, with Hampton's men hot on their heels. They made it to the fort, but only after they lost thirteen men killed and one captured.

Three hundred yards from the fort Hampton held his men back, unsure of what was inside the fort. What he didn't know was that the only troops inside the fort were the men that they had been pursuing. Hampton returned to his camp with thirty-five horses, and the arms and equipment of the Provincials. He had only lost a single men who had been captured. His son, Noah, had been avenged. (Source: Nothing but Blood and Slaughter: The Revolutionary
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War in the Carolinas, Volume 2 (1870)
by Patrick O. Kelley (2004), pgs. 201-203)
    — Submitted March 1, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on September 5, 2008, by Stanley and Terrie Howard of Greer, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,360 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 5, 2008, by Stanley and Terrie Howard of Greer, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.

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Jan. 22, 2022