Cahaba in Dallas County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Memorials for Prisoners of War
These are markers to memoralize the Federal soldiers who died in the Cahawba Military Prison during the Civil War. The men within the prison called it "Castle Morgan."
No one knows where in Cahawba these men were initially buried. However, we do know that they are no longer here. In 1867, after the war, the Federal government dug them up and moved them to a cemetery in Montgomery Alabama. Later they were moved again to Marietta National Cemetery in Georgia, where they rest today.
With each move, a new list of the dead was made. The numbers of unknowns increased as names got separated from bodies. There are many discrepancies among the lists, but the original Cahawba hospital ledger recorded 142 deaths.
Lest We Forget
Several government employees and citizens of Northern states died in Castle Morgan. The Veteran's Administration graciously supplied these memorial markers but could not supply markers for citizen deaths. Here is a list of those men's names, states, and death dates:
Henry Fairchild, unknown, Sept. 8, 1864
Martin N. Hardy, Illinois, Sept 25, 1864
S. D. Adams, unknown, Sept. 25, 1864
Calvin Erving, Illinois, Oct. 8, 1864
(or Alvin Irving)
N. M. Edwards, unknown, Jan. 8, 1865
G. D. Smith, New York, Jan. 11, 1865
John Lowdon, New York, Jan. 22, 1865
W. G. Watson, Maine, Feb. 14, 1865
Major Hiram Solon Hanchett
16th Illinois Cavalry
On January 20th, 1865, Major Hanchett led a daring but unsuccessful revolt inside the military prison. In March when the other soldiers were sent to parole camp, the post commandant Sam Jones detained Hanchett because he believed him to be a spy. In April, as Union forces were approaching, Confederate soldiers seized Hanchett, took him from town and executed him. His body lies today in an unmarked grave.
Erected 2015 by the Alabama Historical Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is January 20, 1865.
Location. 32° 18.871′ N, 87° 6.435′ W. Marker is in Cahaba, Alabama, in Dallas County. Marker can be reached from Cahaba Road. Located next to the Cahawba Capitol Cemetery. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 9098 Cahaba Road, Orrville AL 36767, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Old Cemetery (within shouting distance New Cemetery (approx. 0.3 miles away); Cahaba's "New" Cemetery (approx. 0.4 miles away); Missing Pieces (approx. 0.4 miles away); Cahawba's Changing Landscape (approx. 0.4 miles away); Alabama's Native Prairie (approx. 0.4 miles away); Cahaba's Changing Landscape (approx. 0.4 miles away); Black Belt Transformations (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cahaba.
Also see . . . Find-A-Grave showing 111 memorials. (Submitted on January 7, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 11, 2018. It was originally submitted on January 7, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 398 times since then and 65 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 7, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.