Scappoose in Columbia County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
Lewis and Clark on the Columbia
Lewis & Clark on the Columbia River
The Lewis and Clark Expedition made the first documented descent of the Columbia from the mouth of the Snake River to the Pacific. This voyage strengthened the claim of the young United States to all of the lands of the Columbia River Basin. Captain Robert Gray's 1792 American claim by maritime entry into the Columbia had never been fully accepted by England, the competing nation for the land and resources of the Columbia River region.
The Corps of Discovery entered the Columbia at the mouth of the Snake River on October 16, 1805. Twenty-four camp sites were established by the expedition on its 325-mile downriver dugout canoe voyage. Along the way, Lewis and Clark explored and mapped tributaries of the Columbia as well as plains, mountain ranges and valleys the expedition traversed. It was a journey in which the men of the expedition and the Indian woman Sacagawea successfully negotiated the rapids and cataracts of the Columbia. At the broad estuary of the river they endured raging storms, turbulent waters, and suffered near starvation before reaching the Pacific
The explorers gathered information on the Indian tribes who lived along this river, and the flora and fauna of the river corridor. It was this documented description of the rich river region that served as the lure for the later pioneers who crossed the American continent to settle in the Oregon Territory.
The men of the expedition built Fort Clatsop, near present-day Astoria, and wintered there. In March, 1806, the Party began the return trip up the Columbia, the first leg on the long journey home.
Erected by Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Exploration • Native Americans • Waterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Lewis & Clark Expedition series list.
Location. 45° 44.897′ N, 122° 52.648′ W. Marker is in Scappoose, Oregon, in Columbia County. Marker is at the intersection of Columbia River Highway (U.S. 30) and SW Old Portland Road, on the left when traveling north on Columbia River Highway. Marker is located in a small plaza on the west side of the highway, across the highway from Scappoose High School. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 51891 SW Old Portland Road, Scappoose OR 97056, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within Route of Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail (here, next to this marker); History of Scappoose (here, next to this marker); Thomas McKay (a few steps from this marker); Fort William (approx. 5.6 miles away); Lewis & Clark Discovery Trail (approx. 8.8 miles away); down the trodden path... (approx. 8.8 miles away); Warrior Rock Fog Bell (approx. 8.9 miles away); Early Highway of the West (approx. 10.1 miles away in Washington). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Scappoose.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. Lewis and Clark Expedition reaches the Pacific Ocean on November 15, 1805.
On November 15, 1805, Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Volunteers for Northwestern Discovery reach the Pacific Ocean at the mouth of the Columbia River, one year, six months, and one day after leaving St. Louis, Missouri, in search of the legendary "Northwest Passage" to the sea. By the time they arrived at the ocean, Lewis and Clark knew that the Northwest Passage did not exist. Even if it had been possible to carry a canoe from the headwaters of the Missouri (in present-day Montana) and slide it into the nearest tributary of the Columbia, western rivers were not the slow, smooth waterways of the East. On the upper Missouri and on the Columbia, the explorers faced rapids and (Submitted on January 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Lewis and Clark temporarily settle in Fort Clatsop.
For their fort, Lewis and Clark picked a site three miles up Netul Creek (now Lewis and Clark River), because it had a ready supply of elk and deer and convenient access to the ocean, which the men used to make salt. The men finished building a small log fortress by Christmas Eve; they named their new home Fort Clatsop, in honor of the local Indian tribe. The expedition departed for home from soggy Fort Clatsop on March 23, 1806. The region they explored later became the state of Oregon–Lewis and Clark’s journey strengthened the American claim to the northwest and blazed a trail that was followed by thousands of trappers and settlers. (Submitted on January 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 23, 2018. It was originally submitted on January 21, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 236 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on January 21, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 22, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.