Near Fairfax in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Ox Hill
The Death of Generals Stevens and Kearny
Second Manassas Campaign
Pope retreated to Centreville seven miles west of here. To turn Pope's position, Lee sent Stonewall Jackson moving around Pope via the Little River Turnpike (Route 50) in order to cut the Union line of retreat near Fairfax. Pope learned of this movement, ordered troops to Germantown, and sent the IX Corps, including Gen. Issac Stevens' division, to block Jackson at the Turnpike.
About 4 p.m. September 1, as storm clouds gathered, Stevens attacked Jackson's column at Ox Hill. A fierce battle ensued as a violent thunderstorm lashed the combatants with high winds and rain. Stevens was shot through the head and killed. As Stevens's troops fell back, Gen. Philip Kearny brought up several brigades of III Corps troops and attacked Jackson's right. The attack faltering, Kearny rode forward in the rain and gloom to reconnoiter, found himself
About 500 Confederate troops and perhaps 1,000 Union troops were killed or wounded. The Union army retreated during the night to Alexandria and the defenses of Washington. On September 3, Lee's army moved towards Leesburg and the Potomac River fords. Lee's army entered Maryland September 4-7. The Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam) was fought September 17, ending Lee's Maryland adventure.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is September 1862.
Location. 38° 51.927′ N, 77° 22.229′ W. Marker is near Fairfax, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is at the intersection of Monument Drive and Monument Court, on the left when traveling west on Monument Drive. Marker is at entrance to Ox Hill Battlefield Park one block west of West Ox Road (County Route 608). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fairfax VA 22033, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Battle of Ox Hill (here, next to this marker); Maryland (Antietam / Sharpsburg) Campaign (a few steps from this marker); Major General Philip KearnyMajor General Isaac Ingalls Stevens (within shouting distance of this marker); Boulders and Quartz Stone (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fairfax.
More about this marker. One of the series of Virginia Civil War Trails markers. This one is on the Second Manassas Campaign.
Also see . . .
1. Major General Isaac Ingalls Stevens. (Submitted on February 19, 2006.)
2. Major General Philip Kearny. (Submitted on February 19, 2006.)
3. Battle of Chantilly, or Ox Hill. Civil War Preservation Trust resource page for the battle. Includes an animated map. (Submitted on September 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on May 17, 2022. It was originally submitted on February 19, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 4,229 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on February 19, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 2. submitted on March 18, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 3. submitted on April 18, 2014, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 4. submitted on February 17, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 5. submitted on August 15, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 6. submitted on March 18, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 7. submitted on February 17, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia.