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Morgantown in Monongalia County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

Morgantown

Westover Bridge

 

— Jones-Imboden Raid —

 
Morgantown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 12, 2014
1. Morgantown Marker
Inscription.  On April 20, 1863, Confederate Gens. William E. “Grumble” Jones and John D. Imboden began a raid from Virginia through present-day West Virginia on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Taking separate routes, they later reported that they marched 1,100 miles, fought several engagements, captured 700 Federals, seized about 1,200 horses and 4,000 cattle, and burned 4 turnpike bridges, more than 20 railroad bridges, 2 trains, and 150,000 barrels of oil. Most bridges were soon repaired. Confederate losses were slight. By May 26, both commands had returned to Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley.

(main text)
On April 27, 1863, Confederate Gen. William E. “Grumble” Jones and his cavalry occupied Morgantown, a Unionist stronghold. Alerted that the Confederates were approaching, the towns people concealed most of their livestock and personal belongings. Waitman T. Willey, a United States senator in the Restored Government of Virginia, fled Morgantown for Pennsylvania. The president of the local bank removed all of the cash and also went to Pennsylvania. The Confederate cavalrymen seized the few horses that were not
Morgantown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 12, 2014
2. Morgantown Marker
well hidden, as well as all of the shoes, boots, and hats that they could find in the Morgantown stores.

Confederate Pvt. William L. Wilson, 12th Virginia Cavalry, wrote in his diary, “This is the meanest Union hole we have been in.” (In 1882, Wilson became president of West Virginia University.)

The Confederates quickly rode out of Morgantown, but to the surprise of the residents, they returned the next day and seized more than 40 horses. The raiders then crossed the suspension bridge to Westover and marched on to Fairmont to destroy the railroad bridge there.

(sidebar)
On April 27, 1863, on the Kingwood Pike, Jones’s column was fired on as it approached Morgantown. The Confederates soon captured three civilians who claimed they were merely hunting. Jones’s men accused them of bushwhacking. The men, Lloyd Beall, Andrew Johnson, and Albert Robey, were lined up and shot. Robey faked death and escaped after the Confederates rode away. Beall and Johnson are buried in local cemeteries. There headstones give April 27, 1863, as the date of death and bear the inscription “killed by Confederate Raiders.”

(captions)
(lower left) Waitman T. Willey Courtesy Richard A. Wolfe
(upper center) Westover Bridge - Courtesy Richard A. Wolfe
(upper right) Union bushwackers attacking Confederate
Morgantown Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 12, 2014
3. Morgantown Marker
cavalrymen, engraving by Junius Henry Browne, 1865.
(lower right) Jones-Imboden Raid
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AnimalsBridges & ViaductsRailroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O), and the West Virginia Civil War Trails series lists.
 
Location. 39° 37.796′ N, 79° 57.561′ W. Marker is in Morgantown, West Virginia, in Monongalia County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Garret Street and Moore Street. The marker is located along the Caperton Trail in Hazel Ruby McQuain Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Morgantown WV 26505, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Old Iron Works (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); First Pottery (about 500 feet away); Old Stone House (about 600 feet away); Courthouse Square (approx. 0.2 miles away); Monongalia County Courthouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); To the Patriots of the American Revolution (approx. 0.2 miles away); World War I Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Honor Roll (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Morgantown.
 
Close up of map shown on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 12, 2014
4. Close up of map shown on the marker
Grave of Andrew Johnson at Fairview Cemetery in Morgantown (907 Grafton Road). image. Click for full size.
By Bradley Owen
5. Grave of Andrew Johnson at Fairview Cemetery in Morgantown (907 Grafton Road).
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 11, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 2, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 615 times since then and 48 times this year. Last updated on May 5, 2018, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 2, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   5. submitted on February 11, 2020, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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May. 26, 2020