“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Bainbridge in Decatur County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)

The Battle of Fowltown

— Creek Heritage Trail —

The Battle of Fowltown Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, May 5, 2018
1. The Battle of Fowltown Marker
The Battle of Fowltown, fought just a few miles to the south of this spot, marked the beginning of the First Seminole War. Fowltown was a Seminole village led by Chief Neamathla which had been allied with the British during the War of 1812. It lay on land ceded to the United States by the defeated Creeks in the Treaty of Fort Jackson ending the Creek War. American officials demanded Fowltown's residents leave the area. Neamathla refused, asserting that his people had not participated in the Creek War and were not subject to the treaty. On November 21, 1817, General Edmund P. Gaines ordered Major David E. Twiggs, commander at nearby Fort Scott, to march on Fowltown with 250 men and capture Neamathla. A brief skirmish resulting in perhaps five Seminole casualties ensued, but Twiggs failed to capture the leader.

Gaines sent another, larger force to Fowltown under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Matthew Arbuckle's men found the town abandoned upon their arrival. As they entered the village, though, Neamathla and a few dozen warriors suddenly emerged from hiding in the nearby woods. A pitched fight raged for about twenty minutes
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before the outnumbered warriors were forced to retreat. Seminole losses are believed to have been about ten killed, while American forces suffered only one killed and perhaps three wounded.

A week later, on November 30, 1817, a force of several hundred Creek and Seminole warriors in reprisal attacked a U.S. supply boat headed by Lt. Richard W. Scott. In what became known as the "Scott Massacre," nearly forty men and women were killed. Federal officials ordered General Andrew Jackson to the area in the aftermath.

Leaders in Battle
Neamathla, whose name meant "large" or "brave" warrior, was the headman of Fowltown. Courtesy of the State Archives of Florida
Major David E. Twiggs (top) and Lt. Col. Matthew Arbuckle (bottom) commanded the United States forces that engaged in the two attacks that comprised the Battle of Fowltown.
Image of Twiggs courtesy of the Library of Congress, Image of Arbuckle from Benjamin Lossing, Pictorial Fieldbook of the War of 1812

Bottom right: The Creek Land Cession of 1814, obtained by the United States through the Treaty of Fort Jackson.
Top right: Map showing important First Seminole War locations in relation to modern Decatur County
Bottom right: The mural depiction of the "Scott Massacre," which stands in Dothan, Alabama, portrays
Markers on a bluff overlooking the Flint River. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, May 5, 2018
2. Markers on a bluff overlooking the Flint River.
the capture of the lone female survivor of the attack, Elizabeth Stewart. According to reports, one of the soldiers on the boat picked up a small cannon and fired it at the Seminoles during the encounter.

Erected 2014 by Historic Chattahoochee Commission, Georgia Department of Economic Development and Georgia Council for the Arts, Decatur County Commission, Decatur County Historical and Genealogical Society, Bainbridge State College and City of Bainbridge.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansWars, US Indian. A significant historical date for this entry is November 21, 1817.
Location. 30° 54.493′ N, 84° 34.757′ W. Marker is in Bainbridge, Georgia, in Decatur County. Marker can be reached from West Jackson Street west of North Florida Street, on the right when traveling west. Located within Chason Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: West Jackson Street, Bainbridge GA 39817, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Second Creek War and Removal in the Decatur County Area (here, next to this marker); Decatur County During the Creek and Seminole Wars Era (here, next to this marker); The First Seminole War in Decatur County (here, next to this marker); General Andrew Jackson Trail (a few steps from this
The Battle of Fowltown Marker (second from right) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, May 5, 2018
3. The Battle of Fowltown Marker (second from right)
marker); Fort Scott Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The J.D. Chason Memorial Park / The J.D. Chason Memorial Park History (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Hughes (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Decatur County (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bainbridge.
Also see . . .  The Battle of Fowltown - First Battle of the Seminole Wars. Explore Southern History website entry (Submitted on May 6, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 10, 2023. It was originally submitted on May 6, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 568 times since then and 67 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 6, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Apr. 17, 2024