New Orleans in Orleans Parish, Louisiana — The American South (West South Central)
Transatlantic Slave Trade to Louisiana
The trade of human beings from Africa to Louisiana began in 1718 with the first slave ships, the Aurore and the Duc du Maine, arriving in 1719. Those ships carried 451 enslaved Africans to the Louisiana colony. Their voyage marked the beginning of a transatlantic slave trade that continued through French, Spanish and American rule, forcing approximately 12,000 documented and an untold number of undocumented men, women and children onto slave ships bound for Louisiana.
Wolof, Bambara, Mandingo, Fulbe, Nard, Ganga, Kissy, Susu, Mina, Fon, Yoruba, Chamba, Hausa, Igbo, Ibibio, Kongo/Angola, Makwa and members of many other "nations" were deported from
Erected 2018 by New Orleans Committee to Erect Markers on the Slave Trade.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Colonial Era.
Location. 29° 57.383′ N, 90° 3.715′ W. Marker is in New Orleans, Louisiana, in Orleans Parish. Marker can be reached from St. Peter Street east of Decatur Street, on the left when traveling east. Marker is located along the Mississippi Riverwalk in Washington Artillery Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 800 Decatur St, New Orleans LA 70116, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Woldenberg Riverfront Park (within shouting distance of this marker); The Washington Artillery Park (within shouting distance of this marker); The Steamer New Orleans (within shouting distance of this marker); New Orleans (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Café Du Monde Work Begins on New Orleans, Spring 1718 (about 500 feet away); Literary Landmark (about 700 feet away); Evans Creole Candy Factory (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Orleans.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. New Orleans Slave Trade
Also see . . .
1. Markers reckon with New Orleans' role in slave trade. The practice of selling slaves in New Orleans was nearly a century old by the time the city became part of the United States in 1803. Geography made New Orleans the biggest market for the victims of the forced migration, given its location on the Gulf Coast and along the Mississippi River. Many slaves were then taken to sugar plantations in southern Louisiana or cotton plantations further north. An estimated 135,000 people were brought and sold in New Orleans between 1804 and 1862. (Submitted on May 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Aurore (slave ship). Aurore (along with the Duc du Maine), was a slave ship that brought the first African slaves to Louisiana on 6 June 1719, from Senegambia. The slaves on slave ships such as Aurore, were packed in a tight spoon-like position in order to be able to carry as many slaves as possible. (Submitted on May 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. New Orleans: Slavery and Remembrance. New Orleans quickly assumed an important place in the commercial and social life of the United States. With sugar and cotton plantations nearby, New Orleans developed a thriving market for enslaved Africans. After the close of the transatlantic slave trade in 1808, New Orleans remained a major site for slave trading, and actually increased the volume of its traffic. Some of this was due to illegal shipments coming from the Caribbean, but most of the growth of the slave market was from the resale of enslaved Africans from the upper south to the Mississippi valley. (Submitted on May 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
4. Sighting The Sites Of The New Orleans Slave Trade. Once they arrived in New Orleans, many that came by boat were sold before even walking off the deck of the ship. But most people were brought to what’s called a slave pen. In 1829, it became illegal for slave traders to house slaves in the French Quarter. So these pens popped up on the borders. These pens were basically jails. And the eating well and physical activity was all so that the traders could sell their property -- humans -- at the highest possible profit. (Submitted on May 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on May 12, 2018. It was originally submitted on May 10, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 462 times since then and 136 times this year. Last updated on May 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Photos: 1. submitted on May 10, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 11, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.