“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
East Bloomington in Hennepin County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)

Minnesota River Valley

Minnesota River Valley marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By McGhiever, May 7, 2016
1. Minnesota River Valley marker
Inscription.  Look over the tree-framed bluff across 12,000 years of human history where native peoples and Euro-American settlers made their home in the river valley. There are many cultural differences between you, the modern-day visitor, and the native people who first inhabited the valley and depended on hunting and gathering for their subsistence. You may have arrived here using a freeway, but for many generations the river below you was the primary travel route along its 335-mile length.

Then and Now
Use your imagination as you look toward the bluffs of Burnsville and visualize the great force of nature that carved out this deep river valley. At the end of the last ice age, approximately 12,000 years ago, the great inland sea, known as Lake Agassiz, burst through its banks near present-day Brown's Valley, creating the glacial River Warren, which carved out the valley of the Minnesota and upper Mississippi Rivers. Today's Minnesota River is but a small remnant of the glacial river that formed this valley. Today you won't see many boats on the river compared to the nineteenth century when native dugout canoes, settler keelboats
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and more that 100 steamboats plied the waters of the Minnesota River. Today you may see recreational boats or barges hauling grain from elevators in Savage down the Minnesota and Mississippi Rivers to New Orleans and the Gulf Coast. Keep your eyes open for a variety of constantly changing wildlife. No wooly mammoth, musk ox, elk, wolf or bison roam the valley as in times past. Today you may see wild turkey, geese, ducks, deer, raccoon, muskrat, beaver, coyote and fox. There are also more than 90 species of fish in the Minnesota River, although many species have suffered due to poor water quality. Wild rice once grew abundantly in the river and shallow flood plain lakes of the valley, especially in areas such as Long Meadow Lake. Learn more about the history of the Minnesota River Valley by attending programs on this site where many cultures have lived and continue to meet.
Erected by City of Bloomington Parks and Recreation.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AnimalsEnvironmentWaterways & Vessels.
Location. 44° 48.717′ N, 93° 16.295′ W. Marker is in Bloomington, Minnesota, in Hennepin County. It is in East Bloomington. Marker can be reached from Clinton Avenue South. In Pond-Dakota Mission Park
Dakota Life (left) and Minnesota River Valley (right) markers image. Click for full size.
Photographed By McGhiever, May 7, 2016
2. Dakota Life (left) and Minnesota River Valley (right) markers
at the end of a trail to the south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 401 104th St E, Minneapolis MN 55420, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dakota Life (here, next to this marker); Oak Grove Mission (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Samuel W. and Gideon H. Pond (about 500 feet away); Changing Landscapes (about 500 feet away); Gideon and Agnes Pond House (about 500 feet away); 1856 Federal Style Gideon H. Pond House (about 500 feet away); Pond Family Heritage Timeline (about 700 feet away); Missionaries to the Dakota (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bloomington.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 12, 2023. It was originally submitted on May 18, 2018, by McGhiever of St Paul, Minnesota. This page has been viewed 212 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 18, 2018, by McGhiever of St Paul, Minnesota. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 2, 2023