“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Simons Island in Glynn County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)

Cassina Garden Club Houses

Cassina Garden Club Houses Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Stroud, September 20, 2008
1. Cassina Garden Club Houses Marker

These houses were slave cabins on the Gascoigne Bluff section of Hamilton Plantation which was developed in 1793 by James Hamilton into one of the largest estates on St. Simons Island.

Eventually this Gascoigne Bluff area was given to Glynn County for a park honoring the first naval site in America. These cabins were given to the Cassina Garden Club in 1931 for preservation purposes.
Erected 1965 by Cassina Garden Club.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansAgricultureHorticulture & ForestrySettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1793.
Location. 31° 10.26′ N, 81° 24.446′ W. Marker is in St. Simons Island, Georgia, in Glynn County. Marker is on Arthur J. Moore Drive north of Hamilton Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Simons Island GA 31522, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Man Named Wesley Passed This Way / Lovely Lane Chapel (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gascoigne Bluff (about 500 feet away); Epworth By The Sea / Epworth Pioneers
Cassina Garden Club Houses and Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Stroud, 2008
2. Cassina Garden Club Houses and Marker
Hamilton Plantation
Located on St. Simons Island, the remains of this antebellum plantation contain two surviving slave cabins, originally a set of four built before 1833. Among the better surviving slave cabins in the South, they are made of tabby, a cement consisting of lime, water, and crushed oyster shells. The cabins have built-in windows and a central chimney. James Hamilton Couper, namesake of the owner and manager of the plantation, was an architect and a builder. He designed and built the cabins to house the slaves who served in the plantation's main house. Utilizing a duplex plan to house more than one family, the cabins were originally part of a planned community of slave dwellings. (National Park Service)
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(about 500 feet away); Hamilton Plantation (about 500 feet away); A Mission By The Sea / Susannah Wesley (about 500 feet away); Epworth-By-The-Sea (about 600 feet away); Lovely Lane Chapel (about 700 feet away); Captain Gascoigne (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Simons Island.
Regarding Cassina Garden Club Houses. The foundation of the plantation system was made up of those at the bottom of the social hierarchy - the slaves. The cultivation of sea island cotton was labor intensive, and the planters were often outnumbered by their black charges as much as twenty to one. The slaves lived in cabins made of wood or tabby that were often duplexes large enough to accommodate two families.

The use of tabby had been discontinued in Georgia after 1762 until its revitalization by the coastal planters. Thomas Spalding, influenced by the ruins of Frederica, reintroduced tabby in 1805 with the construction of his home on Sapelo Island. Other planters followed his example, and tabby construction in the home of both master and slave thrived until the Civil War.
Cassina Garden Club Houses image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Stroud, September 20, 2008
3. Cassina Garden Club Houses
This property has been
placed on the
National Register
Of Historic Places

by the United States
Department of the Interior
Cassina Garden Club Houses Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Stroud, 2008
4. Cassina Garden Club Houses Marker
National Register Plaque can be seen at left of doorway. Information from the National Register includes:
Hamilton Plantation Slave Cabins ** (added 1988 - District - #88000968)
Address Restricted, St. Simons Island
Historic Significance: Information Potential, Event, Architecture/Engineering
Architect, builder, or engineer: Couper, James Hamilton
Architectural Style: No Style Listed
Area of Significance: Architecture, Historic - Non-Aboriginal, Black
Cultural Affiliation: Black slave
Period of Significance: 1825-1849, 1850-1874
Owner: Private , Local Gov't
Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-function: Multiple Dwelling
Current Function: Social
Current Sub-function: Clubhouse
Credits. This page was last revised on November 23, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 27, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,391 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 27, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.

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May. 22, 2022