“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Antioch in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Hopewell Gap

Mountain Pass and Mosby's POW Camp

Hopewell Gap Marker image. Click for full size.
September 27, 2008
1. Hopewell Gap Marker
Inscription.  During the Civil War, this narrow pass in the Bull Run Mountains was a strategic avenue for military movements. On August 28, 1862, during the Second Manassas Campaign, Confederate Gen. James Longstreet directed Gen. Cadmus Wilcox’s division through the gap to outflank Union Gen. James B. Ricketts’s division at Thoroughfare Gap. Wilcox’s troops bivouacked that night at Antioch Church after learning that Ricketts had already withdrawn. A few weeks later, Confederate Gen. Richard S. Ewell, recovering near Ewell’s Chapel from a leg amputation, was carried on a litter through Hopewell Gap to elude capture by Federal cavalry.

On June 18, 1863, Col. Alfred N.A. Duffié narrowly escaped through here with 31 of his original 280 Rhode Island cavalrymen after his embarrassing defeat at Middleburg. Shortly afterward, when Confederate cavalry commander J.E.B. Stuart learned of Federal pickets here, he began his controversial ride to Gettysburg through unoccupied Glasscock’s Gap farther south. He changed course again when he found a Union corps at Haymarket.

Late in July, 1863, Confederate Maj. John S. Mosby held 153 prisoners and 200 horses
Hopewell Gap Marker at Antioch Baptist Church image. Click for full size.
September 27, 2008
2. Hopewell Gap Marker at Antioch Baptist Church
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at Camp Spindle near here until they could be sent to Richmond. The steep terrain concealed the camp and its natural spring. Mosby released two New York Herald reporters to build good public relations and tell the world what a “gentleman” he was.

According to local tradition, two of Mosby’s men fooled 200 Federals into fleeing from the gap during the war. Echoing rebel yells and large stones being rolled off the steep slopes made it seem like a larger force was attacking.
Erected 2008 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is June 18, 1863.
Location. 38° 51.488′ N, 77° 41.065′ W. Marker is in Antioch, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker is on Waterfall Road (Virginia Route 601), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Haymarket VA 20169, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Antioch Church (within shouting distance of this marker); The Carolina Road (approx. 2.6 miles away); Bull Run Mountains Natural Area Preserve (approx. 2.6 miles away); Chapman's Mill (approx. 2.6 miles away); Free People Of Color At Thoroughfare (approx. 2.6
Old Antioch Church image. Click for full size.
September 27, 2008
3. Old Antioch Church
Close-up of photo on the marker
miles away); Simon Kenton’s Birthplace (approx. 2.8 miles away); Thoroughfare Gap (approx. 2.8 miles away); a different marker also named Thoroughfare Gap (approx. 2.8 miles away).
More about this marker. In the upper right of the marker is a map of Hopewell Gap and vicinity and portraits of Gen. Cadmus M. Wilcox, Maj. John S. Mosby (as Capt.), and Col. Alfred N.A. Duffié. On the lower left of the marker is a photo of Old Antioch Church, built ca. 1838.
Also see . . .  Battle of Thoroughfare Gap NPS Summary. (Submitted on September 27, 2008.)
Close-up of Map on Marker image. Click for full size.
September 27, 2008
4. Close-up of Map on Marker
Maj. Gen. Cadmus M. Wilcox image. Click for full size.
Library of Congress
5. Maj. Gen. Cadmus M. Wilcox
Captain John S. Mosby image. Click for full size.
Internet Archive
6. Captain John S. Mosby
From Mosby's Rangers by James Joseph Williamson, 1909.
Col. Alfred N. Duffié image. Click for full size.
Library of Congress
7. Col. Alfred N. Duffié
Photo taken July 1862.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 20, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 27, 2008. This page has been viewed 2,836 times since then and 78 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 27, 2008.   5, 6, 7. submitted on November 18, 2020, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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Mar. 25, 2023