— The ‘89er Trail —
Captain David Payne and his Boomers defied federal authorities to attempt settlement in the Unassigned Lands.
From the 1830s onward, most of present-day Oklahoma was reserved for Native Americans who had been forcibly relocated from their ancestral lands. Following the Union victory in the Civil War, the tribes who had sided with the Confederacy were forced to cede their lands in western Oklahoma, leaving a large area of Unassigned Lands in the middle.
Believing they had a legal right to settle on former Indian land, Boomers, led by Captain David L. Payne staged highly publicized settlement expeditions beginning in 1880. Each time, they were escorted back to Kansas by U.S. soldiers stationed at western forts.
Payne died suddenly in 1884, and was succeeded by Captain William L. Couch, who led additional Boomer incursions in 1884 and 1885. After 1885, Couch took his case to Washington, D.C., lobbying Congress to legalize settlement. On the day of the run, in 1889, Couch was on the payroll of the railroad at Oklahoma Station, ready with family members and other die-hard Boomers to realize his dream of settling the PromisedLand.
Erected 2018 by Oklahoma City Community Foundation, Wiggin Properties. (Marker Number 1.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers.
Location. 35° 27.983′ N, 97° 31.613′ W. Marker is in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, in Oklahoma County. Marker is at the intersection of East Sheridan Avenue and Mickey Mantle Drive, on the left when traveling west on East Sheridan Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 124 East Sheridan, Oklahoma City OK 73102, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Beale Defeats Overholser For Mayor (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Resignation of Mayor William L. Couch (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Oklahoma Territory Organic Act (approx. 0.4 miles away); Prominent Land Cases (approx. 0.4 miles away); The New Framework of Government (approx. 0.4 miles away); T.M. Richardson and the Oklahoma Bank (approx. half a mile away); Henry Overholser (approx. half a mile away); Charles Colcord (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oklahoma City.
Regarding The Boomers. Boomer settling in the Unassigned Lands of Oklahoma.
Also see . . . '89er Trail Marker 1: The Boomers . See more photos hear the audio. (Submitted on April 18, 2018.)
This is 1 of 28 historical markers in downtown Oklahoma City sharing the story of the city's birth via the Land Run of 1889.
Additional keywords. Land Run of 1889
Credits. This page was last revised on November 1, 2019. It was originally submitted on April 18, 2018. This page has been viewed 102 times since then and 17 times this year. Last updated on June 14, 2018. Photo 1. submitted on April 18, 2018. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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