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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Perry in Wyoming County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Gardeau Tract

North Border

 
 
Gardeau Tract (North Border) Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 17, 2017
1. Gardeau Tract (North Border) Marker
Inscription.  
North border of reservation
set aside for Mary Jemison
White Woman of the Genessee
during the Big Tree Treaty
of 1797 at Geneseo N.Y.
William G. Pomeroy Foundation 2014

 
Erected 2014.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansWomen. In addition, it is included in the Mary Jemison - White Woman of the Genessee, and the William G. Pomeroy Foundation series lists.
 
Location. 42° 41.153′ N, 77° 57.825′ W. Marker is near Perry, New York, in Wyoming County. Marker is on Letchworth Park Road 0.9 miles south of Schenck Road (County Route 18), on the left when traveling south. Marker is located inside Letchworth State Park, south of the Perry entrance from Schenck Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Perry NY 14530, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Former Site of Gibsonville (approx. 1.7 miles away); Andrus Mill Pond (approx. 3 miles away); Richmond-Andrus Mill Site
Gardeau Tract (North Border) Marker (<i>wide view</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 17, 2017
2. Gardeau Tract (North Border) Marker (wide view)
(approx. 3 miles away); Silver Lake Mills of Perry (approx. 3 miles away); a different marker also named Gardeau Tract (approx. 3.7 miles away); Mount Morris Dam Commemorative Kiosk (approx. 4.3 miles away); Why Was This Dam Built? (approx. 4.3 miles away); Dam Facts (approx. 4.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Perry.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Gardeau Tract
 
Also see . . .
1. The Gardeau Grant of 1797. At the Big Treaty of 1797, the Seneca People reserved the lands that would be known as the Gardeau Reservation. After the Treaty, while the Council Fire still burned, they issued a grant of land to Mary Jemison who lived with her family at Gardeau. (Submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Mary Jemison, or Dehgewanus, "The White Woman of the Genesee". In the fall of 1743, somewhere on the stormy Atlantic, a child was born to Thomas and Jane Jemison aboard the ship William and Mary. The little baby girl was named Mary, and although she was not aware of it, she was joining her parents and brothers and sisters on
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a voyage to the New World. In the spring of 1758 a raiding party of Shawnee warriors captured Mary. Later, Mary was purchased by a party of Senecas who loaded her in a canoe and headed down the Ohio. In 1823 the Senecas gave up the Gardeau lands, reserving two square miles for Dehgewanus' use. She sold the title to the lands in 1831 and moved to the Buffalo Creek Reservation. (Submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

3. Early Wyoming County History. Mary Jemison, who was called by the Senecas simply "the white woman," was a resident of the Genesee Valley for seventy-two years, fifty-two of which were lived at Gardeau Flats, near the town of Castile, Wyoming. Captured by the Indians in 1755, she was adopted by two Seneca women, and later married a Delaware. In 1779, she came to live on the Flats, called in the Seneca, "Kautam," or in the English, "Gardeau." She died in 1833 at the age of ninety or ninety-one. In the treaty made by the Senecas with Robert Morris in 1797, they reserved for Mary Jemison a tract of 17,927 acres. Upon this tract she lived with her descendants until 1816. (Submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 18, 2018. It was originally submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 129 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 15, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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Aug. 14, 2020