Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Upper Merion Township in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

To Build a Redoubt

 
 
To Build a Redoubt Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
1. To Build a Redoubt Marker
Inscription.  The earthworks today appear to be giant molehills. But it took complex engineering to construct them. A deep ditch was excavated in front, to slow an attacking enemy. The dirt was heaped into gabions - baskets of interwoven branches. Bundles of branches called fascines were piled outside and inside the wall to protect the defenders, then the entire work was usually covered with sod to absorb cannon fire.

Here at redoubt 3, the inside walls were faced with stakes. Sod was scarce in the mud-churned encampment. Though partially reconstructed, Redoubt 3 is built on remnants of the original site. Please do not climb on the earthworks.

Defending the Gap

The valley between Outer and Inner Line defenses left the Americans vulnerable to attacks from the south. Redoubt 3 was built to secure this Achilles heel.

Directly across the valley is the Outer Line, supported by Brigadier General Anthony Wayne’s Pennsylvania Brigades. Their huts were plainly visible in the treeless encampment. In the event of attack, troops in Redoubt 3 could have raked the gap with cross-fire.
 
Erected by
Valley Forge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, March 20, 2010
2. Valley Forge Marker
Click or scan to see
this page online
Valley Forge National Historical Park, National Park Service.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Notable EventsNotable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary.
 
Location. 40° 5.471′ N, 75° 26.952′ W. Marker is in Upper Merion Township, Pennsylvania, in Montgomery County. Marker is on South Inner Line Drive, on the right when traveling north. Marker is on the auto tour road in Valley Forge National Historical Park, on E Inner Line Drive, at stop seven of the driving tour of Valley Forge. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Phoenixville PA 19460, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Innerline Defense (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Artillery Park (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Camp’s Road System (approx. ¼ mile away); Virginia (approx. 0.3 miles away); Schoolhouse (approx. 0.3 miles away); Anthony Wayne (approx. 0.4 miles away); In Memory of Unknown Soldiers (approx. 0.4 miles away); Generals and Cattle Raids (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Upper Merion Township.
 
More about this marker. The background of the marker contains a picture of soldiers filling gabions and building the redoubt. The top of the marker features a cross-section of a redoubt, trenches, and earthworks. The bottom right of the marker has pictures of various tools used in the building of redoubts, including Entrenching shovels, Pick, Bill hook, Fascine and Gabions.
 
Also see . . .  Valley Forge National Historical Park. National Park Service website. (Submitted on September 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.) 
 
Marker at Redoubt 3 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, March 20, 2010
3. Marker at Redoubt 3
Redoubt 3 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
4. Redoubt 3
The remains of Redoubt 3 can be seen in this photo taken from the marker. Redoubt 3 anchored one end of the inner line of defense.
Artillery at Redoubt 3 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
5. Artillery at Redoubt 3
The earthworks of Redoubt 3 are visible to the left of this photo behind the cannons.
Redoubt 3 Defenses image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
6. Redoubt 3 Defenses
Redoubt 3 overlooked one of the encampment roads. Artillery here could defend the southern approach to Valley Forge.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 4, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,072 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.   2, 3. submitted on March 20, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.   4, 5, 6. submitted on September 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=11887

Paid Advertisement
Sep. 22, 2021