San Antonio in Bexar County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Missions in the San Antonio River Valley
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Churches & Religion • Colonial Era • Settlements & Settlers.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 801 East Commerce Street, San Antonio TX 78205, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. St. Anthony de Padua (here, next to this marker); Alamo Funeral Pyre (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Joseph's Church (within shouting distance of this marker); 250th Anniversary of the Founding of San Antonio (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Founding of the Pan American Round Table (about 500 feet away); The Torch of Friendship (about 500 feet away); Congressman Henry B. Gonzalez (about 500 feet away); Menger Hotel (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Antonio.
Also see . . .
1. Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuna Mission. Concepción is the best preserved Spanish mission in Texas. Its stone church, which was completed in 1755 and has never fallen into ruin, is considered by some historians to be the oldest unrestored church in the United States. Concepción was (Submitted on July 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Mission San Juan (Mission San Juan Capistrano). The history of Mission San Juan Capistrano is similar to that of two other nearby missions in that it was relocated to the San Antonio area from East Texas in 1731. Its purpose was also similar to that of the other missions, namely to convert Native American groups to Christianity, assimilate them into Spanish society, and promote settlement in the region. (Submitted on July 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. San Francisco de la Espada Mission. The Espada community of San Antonio has the unique distinction of participating in the oldest continually operating irrigation system in the United States. In 1731 Father Pedro Muñoz of the College of Santa Cruz de Querétaro made a contract with the Pacaos Indians stating that they would be the owners of San Francisco de la Espada Mission, one of the early Spanish missions on the San Antonio River. The aqueduct, friary, and sacristy were completed in 1745. It was at least nine years before any other permanent structure was built. (Submitted on July 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
4. San José y San Miguel de Aguayo Mission. San José Mission, one of the five Spanish missions in San Antonio, was founded in the early eighteenth century as a result of a shift of missionary effort from East Texas to South Texas. After a disastrous epidemic in 1739 reduced the number of Indian inhabitants to forty-nine, the mission was moved to its present location on higher ground, more than one-half mile from the former site. Numerous Indian groups were represented at San José. (Submitted on July 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
5. San Antonio de Valero Mission. San Antonio de Valero, one of five Spanish missions established by Franciscans in what is now San Antonio, is most commonly known as the site of the battle of the Alamo (1836). The mission was started by Father Antonio de San Buenaventura y Olivares, of the College of Santa Cruz of Querétaro, who first visited the region in 1709. (Submitted on July 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 5, 2018. It was originally submitted on July 2, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 117 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 3, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.