Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Third Army Corps
— Army of Northern Virginia —
Army of Northern Virginia
Third Army Corps
Anderson's Division Major Gen. R.H. Anderson
Wilcox's Brigade Brig. Gen. Cadums M Wilcox
Mahone's Brigade Brig. Gen. William Mahone
Wright's Brigade Brig. Gen. A.R. Wright, Col. William Gibson
Perry's Brigade Col. David Lang
Posey's Brigade Brig. Gen. Carnot Posey
Artillery Battalion, Three Batteries, Major John Lane
July 1. Anderson's Division on the march to Gettysburg was directed about dark to occupy the position vacated by Heth's Division and to send a Brigade and Battery a mile or more to the right.
July 2. In the morning a new line of battle formed extending further to the right. About noon Longstreet's Corps placed on the right nearly at right angles to the line directed to assault the Union left the Division to advance as the attack processed to keep in touch with the Longstreet's left. The Union troops were forced from the first line and a portion of the ridge beyond. Union re-inforcements pressing on the right flank which had become disconnected from McLaws's left made the position gained untenable. The Brigades withdrew to
July 3. The Division remained in position until 3.30 p.m. Orders were given to support Lieut. Gen. Longstreet's attack on the Union centre. Wilcox and Perry moved forward. The assault failed the order to advance was countermanded.
July 4. The Division after dark took up the line of march.
Casualties killed 147, wounded 1128, missing 840, total 2115.
Erected 1910 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
Location. 39° 48.579′ N, 77° 15.264′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on West Confederate Avenue, on the right when traveling south. Located on Seminary Ridge, just south of the Spangler's Woods section, in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Florida (within shouting distance of this marker); Wilcox's Brigade (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Perry's Brigade (approx. 0.2 miles away); Company F, 1st U.S. Sharpshooters (approx. 0.2 miles away); 3rd Maine Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away); 1st U.S. Sharpshooters (approx. 0.2 miles away); Patterson's Battery - Lane's Battalion (approx. 0.2 miles away); Kemper's Brigade (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . . Report of Maj. Gen. Richard H. Anderson. Of the fighting on July 2, Anderson wrote:
The advance of Mc-Laws' division was immediately followed by the brigades of mine, in the manner directed. Never did troops go into action with greater spirit or more determined courage. The ground afforded them but little shelter, and for nearly three-quarters of a mile they were compelled to face a storm of shot and shell and bullets; but there was no hesitation nor faltering. They drove the enemy from his first line, and possessed themselves of the ridge and of much of the artillery with which it had been crowned; but the situation discovered the enemy in possession of a second line, with artillery upon both our front and flanks. From this position he poured a destructive fire of grape upon our troops. Strong re-enforcements pressed upon our right flank, which had become disconnected from McLaws' left, and the ridge was untenable. The brigades were compelled to retire.
He added, concerning the fight on July 3:
Wilcox's and Perry's brigades had been moved forward, so as to be in position to render assistance, or to take advantage of any success gained by the assaulting column, and, at what I supposed to be the proper time, I was about to move forward Wright's and Posey's Brigades, when Lieutenant-General Longstreet directed me to stop the movement, adding that it was useless, and would only involve unnecessary loss, the assault having failed. (Submitted on October 2, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 1, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 2, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 999 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 2, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.