“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Wilcox's Brigade

Anderson's Division - Hill's Corps


— Army of Northern Virginia —

Wilcox's Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, August 17, 2008
1. Wilcox's Brigade Tablet
Army of Northern Virginia
Hill's Corps Anderson's Division
Wilcox's Brigade

8th. 9th. 10th. 11th. 14th. Alabama Infantry

July 2 Formed line here in forenoon. The 10th and 11th Regiments taking position on the right after a severe skirmish with Union outpost. Advanced at 6 p.m. and broke the Union line on Emmitsburg road capturing two guns and pursuing rapidly took many prisoners and six more guns. At Plum Run was met by a heavy fire of Artillery and fresh Infantry and being unsupported after severe losses fell back without being able to bring off the captured guns.

July 3 Took position west of Emmitsburg Road in support of Artillery. Soon after Longstreet's column started an order was received to advance and support it but smoke riding the oblique course of Pickett's Division the Brigade moving straight forward found itself engaged in a separate and useless conflict was promptly withdrawn.

July 4 In line here all day and at dark began the march to Hagerstown.

Present 1777. Killed 51, wounded 469, missing 261. Total 781.
Erected 1910
Wilcox's Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, August 17, 2008
2. Wilcox's Brigade Tablet
Click or scan to see
this page online
by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is July 1863.
Location. 39° 48.522′ N, 77° 15.308′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on West Confederate Avenue, on the right when traveling south. Located on Seminary Ridge, just north of the Pitzer's Woods section, in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Anderson's Division (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Company F, 1st U.S. Sharpshooters (about 600 feet away); Florida (about 600 feet away); 3rd Maine Infantry (about 700 feet away); Deadly Sharpshooters (about 700 feet away); Patterson's Battery - Lane's Battalion (about 700 feet away); 1st U.S. Sharpshooters (about 700 feet away); Lieutenant General James Longstreet (approx. Ό mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Wilcox's Brigade at Gettysburg.
Also see . . .  Report of Brig. Gen. Cadmus M. Wilcox. Wilcox provided a rather detailed report of the action, particularly with regard to July 2. Of the retirement of his command he wrote:
Seeing this contest so unequal, I dispatched my adjutant-general to the
Henry Spangler Farm image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, February 21, 2009
3. Henry Spangler Farm
After 6 p.m. on July 3, Wilcox's Brigade advanced past the Spangler farm, advancing toward Emmitsburg Pike. The 10th and 11th Alabama passed to the south of the house, while the 14th and 9th Alabama passed on the north.
division commander, to ask that support be sent to my men, but no support came. Three several times did this last of the enemy's lines attempt to drive my men back, and were as often repulsed. This struggle at the foot of the hill on which were the enemy's batteries, though so unequal, was continued for some thirty minutes. With a second supporting line, the heights could have been carried. Without support on either my right or left, my men were withdrawn, to prevent their entire destruction or capture. The enemy did not pursue, but my men retired under a heavy artillery fire, and returned to their original position in line, and bivouacked for the night, pickets being left on the pike.
(Submitted on October 2, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 1, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 2, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,026 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 2, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on March 27, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

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May. 26, 2022