“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Wilberforce in Greene County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Martin Robison Delany

Martin Robison Delany Marker, Side One image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, July 9, 2018
1. Martin Robison Delany Marker, Side One
Inscription.  The son of an enslaved father and free Black mother, Martin Delany became one of the most prominent Black leaders in 19th Century America. Called the “Father of Black Nationalism,” Delany promoted African American pride and self-determination. Delany was born May 6, 1812 in present-day Charles Town, West Virginia. Because education for Blacks was illegal there, his family moved to Pennsylvania. Delany studied medicine, founded a newspaper, the Mystery, and advocated rights for African Americans and women. He co-edited the North Star with abolitionist Frederick Douglass. Delany risked his life by demanding equality and by aiding Americans of African descent in their flight from slavery to freedom.

In 1859 Delany traveled in Africa to secure a homeland for Black Americans. During the Civil War he came to believe a Union victory would end slavery. Delany recruited Black soldiers and met with President Lincoln to propose the formation of an African American army led by Black officers. Commissioned a Major, Delany was the highest ranking Black field officer in the Regular Army. In 1864 he and
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his wife Catherine came to Wilberforce, Ohio, to provide their children a quality education. He later served in the Freedman’s Bureau to protect the rights of the formerly enslaved. Martin Delany fought to achieve justice for African Americans as an abolitionist, physician, leader in Prince Hall Freemasonry, inventor, judge, and writer. He died January 24, 1885 and is buried at Massies Creek Cemetery three miles from his Wilberforce home.
Erected 2004 by the Ohio Bicentennial Commission, the Scotts Company - founded by a Civil War Vetaran, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 20-29.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCemeteries & Burial SitesEducationWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #16 Abraham Lincoln series list. A significant historical date for this entry is January 24, 1885.
Location. 39° 43.013′ N, 83° 52.892′ W. Marker is in Wilberforce, Ohio, in Greene County. Marker is on Brush Row Road west of U.S. 42, on the right when traveling west. It is on the grounds of the National Afro-American Museum and Cultural Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1301 Brush Row Rd, Wilberforce OH 45384, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Old Wilberforce University Campus at Tawawa Springs
Martin Robison Delany Marker, Side Two image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, July 9, 2018
2. Martin Robison Delany Marker, Side Two
(within shouting distance of this marker); Carnegie Library (1907) (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Kezia Emery Hall (1913) (about 400 feet away); Central State University (about 600 feet away); Brigadier General Benjamin Oliver Davis, Sr. (approx. 0.2 miles away); Paul Robeson (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hallie Quinn Brown (approx. 0.2 miles away); Payne Theological Seminary (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wilberforce.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . .  Martin Robison Delany, Editor, Civil Rights Activist, Doctor, Author. “Pati was determined to educate her children, but Virginia was a slave state, and she was reported to the sheriff for teaching them to read and write from The New York Primer for Spelling and Reading, which she had procured from a traveling peddler. She quickly moved the family to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. Samuel could not join them until he had bought his freedom a year later.” (Submitted on July 15, 2018.) 
Martin Robison Delany Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, July 9, 2018
3. Martin Robison Delany Marker
Martin Robison Delany (1812–1885) image. Click for full size.
unknown photographer, via Wikipedia Commons, circa 1865
4. Martin Robison Delany (1812–1885)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 2, 2019. It was originally submitted on July 15, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 460 times since then and 76 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 15, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.

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Nov. 29, 2023